Treasures of Aromatic Literature-GARDENS OF SWEET SCENT AND SENTIMENT By Alice Lounsberry


GARDENS OF SWEET SCENT AND SENTIMENT By Alice Lounsberry
AFTER many gardens have been considered, and their inhabitants have been located and scanned, it often seems that those in which the individuality of the owners had run riot were the ones to live longest in the memory. For the garden is not only a place in which to make things grow and to display the beautiful flowers of the earth, but a place that should accord with the various moods of its admirers. It should be a place in which to hold light banter, a place in which to laugh, and, besides, should have a hidden corner in which to weep. But above all, perhaps, it should be a place of sweet scent and sentiment. A garden without the fragrance of flowers would be deprived of one of its true rights. Fortunately, those near the sea are unusually redolent of sweet scent, the soft moisture of the atmosphere that surrounds them causing their fragrance to be more readily perceived than if the atmosphere were harsh and dry. It is still an open question to what extent the memory and the imagination of people are stirred by scents recurring at intervals through their existence. To many the perfume of flowers has more meaning than their outward beauty. In it they feel the spirit and the eternity of the flowers.

Undoubtedly, a particular fragrance will bring back quickly to the mind, and with much vividness, scenes and associations which have apparently been forgotten and which might otherwise lie dormant for a lifetime. The odors of many flowers are very distinctive. The perfume of the strawberry shrub is like none other; fraxinella, lavender, lilacs, and an infinite number of flowers are as well known by their fragrance as by their appearance. And although we smell them a hundred times a season, under many and dissimilar circumstances, there is perhaps only the one association that they will definitely recall. It is the one that has affected us deeply and moved our sentiment.

The first strawberry shrub that I ever saw was given to me when a small child by a red-cheeked boy just as I went into church with my grandmother. I slipped it into the palm of my hand under my glove, and throughout the service I kept my nose closely to the opening of the glove, smelling the flower. I was reproved again and again, but I continually reverted to my new and exquisite diversion; for, in those days, the time spent in church seemed longer than the rest of the whole week. Even now, each spring, when the first of these strange little flowers gives its scent to the air, I am for an instant transplanted, as it were, back to that stiff church pew, aching to be out in the open, and smelling the strawberry shrub in my glove.

Old English herb gardens were regarded by many as places of inherent sentiment, because, no doubt, the strong pungent odors of their herbs were known to possess a most subtle and potent influence. For while the majority of people are susceptible to the sweet odors of flowers, even those that are slight and evasive, there are others who become almost as much intoxicated with the aromatic fragrance of certain stems and leaves as the cat does with a whiff of catnip.

Thyme, about which much has been said by both ancient and modern writers, is reputed to have played strange tricks with the fancy and the imagination. I have even heard of its influence in the life of a man of this generation. According to the story, this man drove one day to the seat of a charitable brotherhood in the vicinity of his country home to make his annual gift. As no one was then in sight about the monastery, he went on into the garden, one filled with homely plants, mostly those of medicinal virtue and pungent scent. Amid these peaceful surroundings Brother Louie, a quaint figure in his brown habit, tended the flowers, his eye lit with the fire of pious enthusiasm.

The man of the world fulfilled his errand and was about to leave the garden when Brother Louie put into his hand a sprig of thyme, with its impressive, never-to-be-forgotten scent. It was carried away: one might have thought the incident closed. But the thyme had its work to do. It perfumed the pocket of the man who took it, and filled his mind with quiet, beautiful thoughts of Brother Louie working among the flowers, happier far than any king. At length its mission was accomplished. The man longed sincerely to wear the brown habit, and presented himself for admission to the brotherhood. It was a working order, however, and whether he felt aggrieved on being allotted the task of scrubbing the floors and assisting on a Monday with the family wash, in lieu of attending the garden with Brother Louie, is not known. When curiosity concerning him had somewhat abated, and when the populace had had its fill of peeping at him through the monastery windows, a more picturesque account of him was circulated. He was then described as sitting at the organ in the twilight sounding the call for vespers. There, at least, he may be left, a supposed captive of thyme, for he has not returned to his former life and his companions.

Treasures of Aromatic Literature-Odors of Vegetation by Wilson Flagg

Treasures of Aromatic Literature-Odors of Vegetation by Wilson Flagg

The beauty of a summer landscape is greatly enhanced by its alliance with the agreeable odors that constantly emanate from herbs and flowers; for the sight of a grove or woody pasture invariably suggests the idea of fragrance. The rising mists of the valley, tinged with the ruddy hues of dawn, derive interest from their relation to the fragrance of morning. And it may be remarked, on the other hand, that odors are indebted to other charming influences of nature for a great share of their own pleasantness. For nature has so combined all the objects of creation, that they are made to reflect a portion of their own light, beauty, and agreeableness upon each other.

The sense of smelling is not included by philosophers among the intellectual senses, like those of sight and hearing. It chiefly serves the purpose of directing animals to the right selection of the substances they use for food by their agreeable odors, and averting them from such as are noxious by those of an offensive character. This instinct is an unerring guide to the inferior animals among the simple productions of nature. But art is so ingenious in imparting the savor of any agreeable and wholesome substance to others which are injurious, that the sense of smell, even when assisted by taste, is an unsafe guide in the use of artificial preparations. Among natural productions, unmodified by art, the senses of smell and taste are safe guides to all fruits and other substances.

It is not my purpose, however, to discuss this point physiologically, but to treat of the odors of plants chiefly as the cause of agreeable sensations, and as a sort of picturesque attraction, when we are either rambling in the fields or employed in rural occupations. We perceive characteristic odors in every wood and meadow, by which we recognize their predominant trees, herbage, and shrubbery. Those of an oak wood are very remarkable, and not to be mistaken for any others. They are not aromatic; but they have a freshness more agreeable, perhaps, if we constantly breathed them, than a spicy fragrance. This odor is very similar to that of oak timber when cut and sawed; in one sense, a maritime savor, like that of a ship-yard. To a Briton it is probably a spice of royalty. It comes chiefly from the foliage after it has dropped from the trees; for the fresh green leaves seem to be scentless.

In wet grounds covered with alder, when it is in flower, a very agreeable essence is perceptible in the air; but I have not ascertained its source, whether it comes from the herbage or the shrubbery. It is probably the aroma of its tasselled flowers. I wonder that Darwin, in his"Loves of the Plants," never suggested the idea that the pollen of flowers is guided by these subtle essences to the bosom of its female, when wandering upon the winds. This delicate aroma, perceived when the alder is in flower, is displaced by the more penetrating odor of the azalea in July, and of the clethra in August. The fragrance of these shrubs, combined with that of the myrica and the cranberry-plant, forms the characteristic odor of low grounds, where no stagnant waters are present to mix with it any impurity. It is the primitive odor of the moorlands when covered with their native herbs.

As we leave the meadows and ramble near the hillside, where tbe native grapevines abound, we perceive another class of odors, still more agreeable, resembling the per
fume of mignonette, most perceptible when the vines are in flower. This is the true ambrosia of the gods, — the honey-scent of Mount Hybla. It seems as if nature had infused into the leaf or flower of all plants that bear an agreeable fruit some odor that shall be a reminder of its presence. The scent of the grapevine comes chiefly from its flowers, that of the strawberryplant from its foliage and fruit. Both leaf and flower of the same plant are seldom fragrant. The flower of the sweetbrier has very little scent compared with that of the common wild rose. The insect, whose services are so valuable to the species, needs not the odor of the flower if it can perceive that of the leaf.

The characteristic odors of the seasons come chiefly from flowers in the spring and early summer, from herbs and foliage in the latter summer, and from the ripened harvest and withered leaves in autumn. Winter is without odors, except those of the forest and seaside. The first aroma that pervades the atmosphere in spring is that of willows and poplars, which are very distinct; the former resembling that of lilacs, the latter more balsamic, and proceeding no less from the glutinous buds than from the flowers. Nature never seems so capricious as when she distributes her odors among the different species of vegetation. Why should the flowers of the elm and the maple be scentless, differing in this respect so notably from other spring flowers? Fragrance is denied them, perhaps as a superfluity, because they bloom aud fade before the insect tribes are abroad.

We are all familiar with the scent of flowering orchard trees. It is the incense that May diffuses over the landscape just before her departure. The blossom of linden-trees succeeds, and brings along with it a universal hum of insects, that seem intoxicated with its sweets. From this bloom the bee gathers the choicest honey* If the linden-tree had no other extraordinary merit, I should preserve it for its unrivalled sweetness. Its fragrant emanations are scattered abroad so widely that not an insect loses a message from its proffered feast of nectar; and the hum of the innumerable hosts of different species attracts our attention as one of the picturesque phenomena of the season.

The true seasonal fragrance of summer is that of newmown hay, for the air is filled with it during all the time of haymaking. This is indeed the "balm of a thousand flowers"; for though a greater part of the aroma comes from the leaves of clover and different kinds of grasses, the whole is the grateful result of many species with their flowers, when cut down by the scythe. Almost any combination of healthful herbs, when spread out to the sun and wind, after being mowed, will produce an aroma like that of new-mown hay. If you mix with these any considerable quantity of those noxious or innutritious herbs which are not acceptable to cattle, there comes from the mixture a rank herbaceous smell that indicates their presence. Nature is always true to the instincts of her creatures, and sets up no false allurements to tempt them to that which is unhealthful.

To the scent of new-mown hay succeeds that of the grain harvest, — the odor of ripened vegetation. We now mark the difference between the savor of herbs when they are cut down in blossom and after they have ripened their seeds. The odors of summer are more spicy or aromatic, and have more of an intoxicating quality, than those of the harvest. Nature has denied fragrance to the autumnal flowers, except a few that resemble the flowers of spring; such is the graceful neottia, breathing the odor of hyacinths, which is so obscure that it would be overlooked by the insects, amid the host of scentless flowers, if they were not guided by its perfume. Autumn indeed seems niggardly of her gifts to the honey-sipping insects, for the flowers of this season are as destitute of sweetness as of fragrance. The charms of autumn are chiefly for the eye, — of tinted woods and gorgeous flowers, that attract us more by their glowing profusion than by any particular beauty as individual objects.

FLOWERING TREES IN INDIA by M. S. RANDHAWA

I also saw the white
champak, Plumeria alba, prodigally scenting the air with its fragrance in obscure
corners of the grounds of many bungalows. Scattered in the Civil Lines were many
frangipanis, conspicuous on account of their gaunt limbs which in the month of April
were clothed in clusters of giant leaves and capped with the most delicately scented
pale yellow flowers.

In a corner of a Deputy Collector's house was a Kleinhovia,
its branches crowned with delicate pink flowers and covered with heart-shaped
leaves. At the entrance of my house was a clump of Easter trees which in the month
of April appeared most attractive, their fragrant white flowers contrasting with
their dark branches. Captivated by their beauty, I felt annoyed with the person who
gave them the horrid name of Holanhena anti-dysenterica.

However, it was in the fifth century A.D., when Kalidasa and Vatsyayana
flourished, that the Hindu mind was fully in touch with nature, the beautiful trees
and flowers and graceful sarus cranes with the countryside resonant with their
melodious voices. Kalidasa describes the asoka tree in most of his plays, and
in his Ritusamhata he gives charming descriptions of most of our indigenous
beautiful trees which flower from month to month. In his description of spring he
describes the mango tree bent with clusters of coppery red leaves, and their branches
covered with light yellow fragrant blossoms shaken by the March breezes, which
kindle the flame of love in the hearts of women. He describes the asoka trees with their
graceful drooping young leaves hanging like tassels of silk, covered with coral red
blossoms which make the hearts of young women sasoka (sorrowful). He describes
jungles of dhak (kimsukd) resembling a blazing fire waving in the wind, making the
earth appear like a newly-wedded bride with red garments. How aptly he compares
the scarlet flowers of dhak with the bright red beaks of parrots ! In his description
of women's toilet he mentions that they paint their bodies with the fragrant paste of
white sandal and cover their breasts with garlands of snow-white jasmines, and
perfume their beautiful heads with champak blossoms. In the rainy season, women
decorate their heads with garlands of kadamba, kesara, kakubha and ketak flowers. It
is thus that Kalidasa describes the toilet of Shakuntala :
The siris blossom, fastened o'er her ear
Whose stamens brush her cheek;
The lotus-chain like autumn moonlight soft
Upon her bosom meek.


The kachnar trees, which in February appeared so unattractive with their
dark, leafless branches, produce a rich harvest of pink, white and purple-mauve
blossoms, and for full one month they add colour and charm to the landscape. The
delicate blossoms of kachnar trees fill one's heart with bliss and soothe the eyes.
Kachnar s are followed by semal, the giant silk-cotton trees, so common in the Kangra
Valley. The gaunt limbs of the semal are decorated with cup-like scarlet flowers,
and the tree reminds one of the goddess Lakshmi, with numerous arms, holding scarlet
lamps on the palms of her outstretched hands. The sombre mango groves suddenly
begin to pulsate with life and produce pale yellow blossoms in profusion. Attracted
by the fragrance of the mango blossoms, kotls come to the mango gardens, which are
filled with the pleasant echoes of their calls. By the middle of March, spring is in its prime.

Swings are put up among the blossom-covered branches of trees in which bees
are humming, enjoying the fragrance of the flowers. The spring is in full bloom and
great are love and joy. Jasmines open their buds and fill the air with their perfume.
The sky is clear blue like the Mansarover lake, and the sun and the moon are its
giant blossoms.


The spring slowly ripens into summer. By the first week of April it starts getting
warm. Most of the trees produce new leaves, and the umbrella-like pakurs get covered
with coppery leaves and appear most charming. When the slanting rays of the even-
ing sun strike the young leaves of pakur, they appear like a cloud of fire. In damp
places, myriads of fire-flies are seen twinkling like stars, and "weaving aerial dances
in fragile rhythms of flickering gold." Dry leaves of trees fly about, and weird
bonfires are seen under mahua trees. The air is heavy with the fragrance of nim
and sirisha flowers, and the quiet of the night is disturbed by the rattling noise
of sirisha pods. The rust-red young leaves of mahuas are tipped with gold in
the rays of the morning sun. Gul mohurs are flushing into vivid scarlet, and it is
getting warm.


The moist air of Sawan is drenched with the fragrance of jasmines, and the
Queen of the Night and mehndce exhale delicate fragrance. The white flowers of
gardenia are studded over the hedges like stars in the dark blue sky. "The golden-
glowing champak buds are blowing by the swiftly flowing streams."

Describing the toilet of women of his age, Kalidasa observes : "The women
of Alakapuri rub the dust of lodhra flowers on their cheeks, maghya flowers decorate
their temples, kuruvaka flowers hang from the knots of their hair and sirisha flowers
decorate their ears. In the monsoon, kadamba flowers glorify the heads of these charm-
ing women and they carry pink lotuses in their hands." Even now the women of
Maharashtra decorate their tress-knots with the white champak, "the moon hanging
by the mountain", and wear bracelets of jasmine round their wrists. Garlands of
jasmine and bela are popular all over India during summer, for we have always
had a sensitive appreciation for the fragrance of flowers. While the Europeans
feasted their eyes on colour and developed beautifully-coloured flowering annuals,
Indians packed their gardens with sweet-smelling flowering creepers, shrubs and
trees.


Sawan is the month of lovers, amorous and passionate. In the cool and fragrant
breeze of Sawan, lovers who are parted feel unhappy and long for each other. Brides
away from their husbands feel sad. Lovers who are united watch the dark, rolling
clouds and the flashes of lightning. Cleaving the dark clouds with their golden legs are flights of white cranes, who provide a thrill to the lovers drunk with the joy of the rainy season.

There are also a number of trees and shrubs which emit fragrance at night
time, especially during rains, such as Gardenia lucida, G. Jlorida, G. latifolia and Cestrum nocturnum. These can be planted to their best advantage opposite windows and
doors of bedrooms, so that one may enjoy their fragrance in the evenings, particularly
in the summer months.




A native of China; propa- gated by seed. raat-ki-rani (Cestrum nocturnum), papra (Gardenia latifolid) and laung mushk fill the air with delightful fragrance and are very desirable in the hot and rainy months. I can- not forget a joyful evening in a bungalow at Dewaldhar in Almora district in the month of May where the white flowers of laung mushk were studded all over a dwarf hedge. At sunset the verandah was filled with the delicate scent of this species of Gardenia and coupled with the warmth of the air it induced a feeling of relaxation and happiness which the legendary lotus-eaters might well envy. Champa and laung mushk are great favourites with the people of Kangra Valley, and in gardens in Dharamasala and Palampur the air is filled with the heavy scent of these flowers at night time. With the background of snow-covered Dhaula Dhar which glistens like a lump of silver in the full moon, and the gurgling sound of numerous streams and rivulets, Kangra Valley appears like a fairy land. Perhaps it was an evening in this part of India that Sarojini Naidu described as :

Where the golden, glowing
Champak-buds are blowing,
By the swiftly-flowing streams,
Now, when day is dying,
There are fairies flying
Scattering a cloud of dreams.


Mehndi (Lawsonia alba) has an important function in the toilet of women in the East.
Women stain the palms and soles as well as their nails with crushed mehndi leaves.
It is also used for dyeing hair, and flame-coloured beards of mullahs owe their rich
coppery tints to mehndi. Mehndi is the Camphire of Palestine andHennah of Iran, and
Pliny called it the Cypress of Egypt. It is commonly grown in India, Afghanistan
and Iran, and is valued as much for the red dye of its leaves, as for the delicate
fragrance which its flowers exhale at evening time in the months of June and July.

A har singhar tree planted in the eastern part of the compound of a house oppo-
site the verandah used for sleeping can be a source of great pleasure during the
months of September and October. After dark, the fragrance of the night-opening
flowers of har singhar fills the atmosphere. A small cemented pool may be constructed
below the tree for collecting the flowers. Every morning in the autumn months you
will see myriads of flowers with their orange-coloured corolla tubes resting on the
surface of water on their spoke-like snow-white petals.

The champak tree was very popular with the ancient Hindus and we find it sculp-
tured in Kushan Mathura about 2,000 years ago. Even now champak flowers are
used by the women of Bengal in their coiffure, and the delicate fragrance of their
amber petals adds to their subtle charm.

The cathedral-like alignment of the shafts of chir pines shooting towards the
sky, smooth, pure and inflexible, with their round and plump crowns, is a reminder
of the Himalayan forests with their peace and silence. Kadamba groves with their
silence and perfume remind us of the happy forests of Vrindavan where
Krishna roamed with the milkmaids, and no doubt they will provide the glad-
ness and freshness of the rainy season to the citizens of Chandigarh. Forests of yellow siris with their smooth, light yellow and barkless boles emit a strange golden light ; there is a warm and russet glow at their base, and a blue ethereal mist covers their top.

The Himalayan meadows carpeted with
brilliant alpine flowers, the snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas with their pine-
scented forests and the brilliantly coloured rocky trans-Himalayas will draw lovers
of natural beauty like a magnet from all parts of the world. What will they sec in
the plains on their way to the Himalayas ? If we transform the land into a colourful
place by planned planting of flowering trees, the visitors will carry back happier
impressions. Just as the Japanese invite foreigners when cherries blossom in their
country, we can also call them when the bauhineas are covered with a mantle of
purple and mauve flowers in the month of March, and when our roads become a blaze
of colour with flowers of gul rnohur, amaltas and pcltophorum in the month of May.

We also should not neglect the villages, where village schools, panchayatghars
and temples can be planted with ornamental trees. In the Punjab, the villagers plant
bakain (Persian lilac) around the bullock-runs of wells fitted with Persian wheels.
These clumps not only provide shade for bullocks and men, but also appear very
beautiful in March when they are covered with sweet-scented, lilac-coloured flowers.
Village community houses (panchayatghars) which are jointly owned by the village
and arc usually under the supervision of rural development organizers and panches
(the elected representatives of the village), provide ample scope for planting of
ornamental trees. Small nurseries of flowering trees can be raised in the compounds
of village schools and panchayatghars and can serve as foci of tree-planting activities.




White Ginger Lily/Butterfly Lily/Sontaka(Hedychium coronariam absolute/India



Olfactory Properties of White Ginger Lily/Butterfly Lily/Sontaka Absolute(Hedychium coronarium)/India
Another unique aromatic treasure has arrived which some of you may enjoy exploring and utilizing in your fine fragrant creations. This is White Ginger Lily/Butterfly Lily/Sontaka (Hedychium coronarium) absolute from Maharastra State in India.

The flower of this member of the tropical ginger family is grown extensively around Mumbai as it figures prominently in the temple worship of the people living in that area. Daily during the famous festival of Ganesh Chaturthi, tons of white ginger lily flowers are sold in the busy flower markets to decorate that ornate displays of the idols of Ganesh that are found in every home, temples and public places. The whole city becomes a fairly land of twinkling lights during this 10 day celebration and the fragrance of White Ginger Lily fills the air in the evenings as people visit the many venues where simple and elaborate alters of Ganesh are constructed. You can get some idea of the importance of this festival by visiting the images posted on Flickr
http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=ganesh+chathurthi&page=2


Aside from the importance of the flower in religious worship, it is a flower dearly loved by the Indian people in Maharastra and other places in India where it grows in abundance. The plants flourish with little care and their deliciously scented blossoms fill the atmosphere with their aromatic aura in the areas where they grow. Its scent is particularly noticeable in the evening. The flower is is by no means confined to India. It grows lavishly in many other places such as Vietnam, Brazil, Malaysia, Philippines, Hawaii(where it is used in lei's) and Cuba(where it is the national flower).

Years ago when I was visiting Mumbai and the surrounding flower growing areas, I became intrigued by this plant as it had such a delectable sweet floral-spicy aroma. Up to that time little if any work had been on extracting its essence. At that time the White Lotus Aromatic project was in its infancy and interactions with extractors in different parts of the country was just beginning but fortunately I was in the company of a person who had the same enthusiasm for natural aromatics as myself and who also had the expertise to take on different distillation and extraction projects. Within a few years the first extractions of concrete and absolute of White Ginger Lily commenced.

What was noticed from the very beginning was that there was a tremendous variation in aroma of the absolute. Often the very hot warm spicy note dominated the final product with the ethereal sweet floral note remaining in the background and only emerging later in the dry-out of the absolute. But gradually the extraction technique has been perfected and also the best sources for the fresh flower have been located very near to the extracting units in north of Mumbai and the results are now very much in line with the aroma of the fresh flowers.The amber colored absolute of White Ginger Lily displays a fresh, sweet, tropical floral bouquet with a lovely ginger-like, fruity undertone. The floral sweetness is very rich and deep, yet light and exhilarating as well. The tenacity is very good and the radiance is excellent.

Blends well with bergamot eo; carnation abs; champa, golden absolute; frankincense eo, co2 and abs; frangipani abs; ginger co2, eo and abs; jasmin grandiflorum abs; jasmin auriculatum abs; jasmin sambac abs; lime eo and essence; melissa/lemonbalm eo, co2 and abs; night queen abs; neroli eo; orange blossom abs; osmanthus absolute petitgrain mandarin eo; rose eo's and abs; ruh kewda; sandalwood eo, co2 and abs; verbena eo and abs; tuberose absolute; vanilla co2 and abs; ylang absolute.

This would work well in lei and garland perfumes, sacred perfumes, high class florals,
tropical bouquets, oriental accords




Interesting information about White Ginger Lily/Butterfly Lily/Sontaka
1. In Cuba it is the National Flower, known as "Mariposa blanca" literally "White Butterfly Flower", due to its similarity with a flying white butterfly.
2. White ginger lei are sometimes referred to as evening lei because they are often strung in the evening to be worn that night. With a sweet, delicate aroma and orchid-like configuration, the blossoms are woven into the finest of lei, usually strung Micronesian style, tied or woven into a flat collar. (See Lei Making Methods.) About 125 buds are required for a standard 40-inch (100-cm) lei.
3. A frequent ginger in the house gardens of the Dai people along the Mekong river. Its pretty and fragrant flowers open from April to July.
It is used in local medicine to treat cold, headache, arthritis, and injuries.
4. Its flower buds are actually edible and can be used like a vegetable. The flower buds are best picked early in the morning and stored in the refrigerator until they are ready to be used. The buds can be tossed in your salad for a spicy, gingery zest and intriguing, succulent texture. They can also be added to soups and stir-fried.
5. The buds can also be infused in hot water, together with your Chinese tea leaves, add the unique butterfly ginger fragrance to your tea.


Links for White Ginger Lily/Butterfly Lily/Sontaka Hedychium coronarium

Popular and Traditional Lei Flowers
Volatile components of ginger flowers (Hedychium coronarium koenig)
Philipine medicinal plants
Odorographia: Volume 2 By John Charles Sawer
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary By C. P. Khare

Mastic of Chios Web Site

Mastic of Chios Web Site

Chios Mastiha Growers Association’s vision and target is to introduce mastiha to all consumers through modern and healthy products, to demonstrate that unique and special spice gifted with a distinctive flavour & aroma, but also with considerable & certified therapeutic qualities.
Its aim is to make mastiha an indispensable ingredient for a number of functional products of everyday use, in order to be able to actively respond to its purpose and its commitment towards its thousands of growers-associates. Respecting their labour and their efforts, the Association seeks to stand by them as an assistant, by contributing to the upgrade of mastiha cultivation, to the improvement of its producing procedure and of course to the guarantee of the highest possible profits for them.

Possible Sources for essential oils in the USA(organic, wild harvest and conventional)

Possible Sources for essential oils in the USA(organic, wild harvest and conventional)

The following information is compiled in the hopes that it may help folks who have been buying
oils from us over the years to find new sources for them as we slim down our operation and
focus on unique oils special to White Lotus Aromatics.

The search for essential oils, co2 extracts, absolutes, etc that resonate with one
is a highly individual process. Everyones needs are unique. I do not personally recommend 
any one company over another. It is wise to interact with several different companies
and see how one feels about each. Then order samples to see if the oils one is receiving
match ones expectations.
I myself do not possess any in-depth knowledge of USA based companies because
our main effort has been towards direct importation of oils from around the world
so this list is simply meant as a starting point for ones own quest.
Aside from investigating specific companies one can also do internet searches for specific
oils. For instance “Rosemary essential oil”  You can add further qualifying terms
like the country of origin(i.e. Tunisia), method of cultivation (i.e. organic, wild harvested, etc)
 and so forth. It may prove useful also to search for an oil by its scientific name(ie.rosmarinus officianalis essential oil)
In this way one is bound to find numerous sources.
Also one can consult the database put up by Good Scents Company in which you can search
for Absolutes, Essential Oils, extracts etc. 
That database will provide you with names of companies both in the USA and internationally
that offer specific essences
Another excellent resource who wish to get into direct importing is Andrea Butje’s Distiller Directory.
Andrea has traveled worldwide to meet with distillers and has done a remarkable work in compiling
a list of artisan distillers that offer quality oils.
Christopher



Here is a basic list of USA based companies that offer essential oils, absolutes and co2 extracts. As mentioned above
my practical knowledge of each company is negligible so it is up to the person contacting any of the listed companies to make their own decisions as if they can fulfill their needs. Procure samples and interactions with the folks working there will assist in determining if one would like to proceed with larger purchases.

John Steele/Lifetree Aromatic

Bulk Apothecary

Eden Botanicals

Mountain Rose

Organic Infusions


Natures Gift


Sunrise Aromatics

Still point Aromatics

Ananda Apothecary

Artisan Aromatics

The Essential Oil Company



Floracopeia

Amrita Aromatherapy

Bulk Conventional Essential Oils/White Lotus Aromatics

Dear Friends-
Kind greeting!
As most of you are aware, Suzanne and I are phasing out all essential oils and co2 extracts from our offerings slowly but surely.
We hope to have the process completed by the end of the summer if not sooner. 
We will be focusing our offering entirely in the realm of absolutes, blend and ruhs/attars/choyas.
I have compiled a list of possible sources for smaller quantities of essential oils that I can send to you if you request it.
For those of you who would like to order for us in bulk quantities I have compiled a list of essential to be found below. 
Should you wish to have us special orders for you in larger quantities please note these important things
1. We do not have any paperwork like batch specific gc/ms, allergen reports, third party certification.
All I have is a simple coa and msds which I can forward to you at your request when you place a firm order
for any oil.
2. I will require prepayment for any oil that I special order as I have to prepay from side.
3. There can be no returns on any oil that is special ordered. I mention this because in the world of natural aromatics
there can be considerable olfactory variation from batch to batch. It is simply a part and parcel of what happens
when something is growing in nature with variations of soil types, microclimates, rain or no rain, etc
4. Prices are as of today February 6th. Hence they are approximate. Prices change rapidly in the essential market.
5. Lead time is 1-4 weeks for special orders


All prices are for 16 ounces unless otherwise indicated

Angelica Root(France)-$1250
Angelica Seed(France)-$700
Basil Lemon/Ocimum citriodorum(USA)-$200
Bergamot(Ivory Coast)-$175
Betel Leaf/Piper betel(India)-$425
Blood Orange(South Africa/Italy)-$100
Caraway(Hungary)-$125
Caraway(Egypt)-$125
Cardamon(Guatemala)-$500
Cassia(China/Vietnam)-$125
Catnip/Nepata cataria(Canada)-$550
Champs White Flower(Michelia alba)-$1400
Cilantro Leaf(Coriandrum sativum)-$225
Clary Sage(France)-$275
Clementine Peel(Italy)-$100
Coffee/Coffea robusta(Columbia)$275
Coriander Seed(Russia)-$150
Coriander Seed(USA)0$175
Geranium Bourbon(Reunion Islands)-$375
Grapefruit, Pink(USA)-$100
Grapefruit, White(USA)$100
Hyssop/Hyssopus officinalis(France)-$250
Lemon Myrtle/Backhousia citriodora(Australia)-$250
Lemon Verbena(France)-$850
Mandarin Green(Italy)-$200
Mandrin Red(Italy)-$150
Mandarin Yellow(Italy)-$125
Mandarin Petitgrain(Corsica)-$300
Marjoram Sweet(Hungary)$175
Monarda/Bee Balm/Monarda fistulosa(Canada)-$275
Neroli(France)-$2350
Neroli(Tunisis)-$2500
Petitgrain bigarade(Italy)-$150
Plai(Thailand)-$300
Sage/Salvia officials(Austria)-$200
Tangerine(USA)-$100
Tarragon(USA)-$175
Turmeric(India)-$125
Thyme/Thymus serpyllum(Austria)-$250



Bulk Non-sprayed Essential Oil from White Lotus Aromatics

Dear Friends-
Kind greeting!
As most of you are aware, Suzanne and I are phasing out all essential oils and co2 extracts from our offerings slowly but surely.
We hope to have the process completed by the end of the summer if not sooner. 
We will be focusing our offering entirely in the realm of absolutes, blend and ruhs/attars/choyas.
I have compiled a list of possible sources for smaller quantities of essential oils that I can send to you if you request it.
For those of you who would like to order for us in bulk quantities I have compiled a list of essential to be found below. 
Should you wish to have us special orders for you in larger quantities please note these important things
1. We do not have any paperwork like batch specific gc/ms, allergen reports, third party certification.
All I have is a simple coa and msds which I can forward to you at your request when you place a firm order
for any oil.
2. I will require prepayment for any oil that I special order as I have to prepay from side.
3. There can be no returns on any oil that is special ordered. I mention this because in the world of natural aromatics
there can be considerable olfactory variation from batch to batch. It is simply a part and parcel of what happens
when something is growing in nature with variations of soil types, microclimates, rain or no rain, etc
4. Prices are as of today February 6th. Hence they are approximate. Prices change rapidly in the essential market.
5. Lead time is 1-4 weeks for special orders


The following list is for Non-Sprayed essential oils in 16 ounce quantities unless otherwise indicated.

Allspice Berry(Jamaica)-$200
Ajowan/Tachyspermum ammi(India)-$100
Bergamot Mint/Mentha citrate(India)-$125
Carrot Seed(India)-$225
Celery Seed(India)-$175
Dill Seed(India)-$150
Chamomile Blue/Matricaria recutita(Nepal)-$650
Cumin(India)-$150
Fennel, Sweet(India)-$125
Gingergrass(India)-$125
Black Cumin/Nigella sativa(India) very rare!!!-$750(this is the distilled oil, not cold pressed)


Non sprayed essential oils with 32 ounce minimums

Ginger Fresh(Indonesia)-$500
Ginger Red/Zingiber officinale var. rubrum(Indonesia)-$550
Lavender/Kashmir/Lavandula angustifolia(India)-$500
Plai(Indonesia)-$550

Bulk Organic Essential Oils/White Lotus Aromatics

Dear Friends-
Kind greeting!
As most of you are aware, Suzanne and I are phasing out all essential oils and co2 extracts from our offerings slowly but surely.
We hope to have the process completed by the end of the summer if not sooner. 
We will be focusing our offering entirely in the realm of absolutes, blend and ruhs/attars/choyas.
I have compiled a list of possible sources for smaller quantities of essential oils that I can send to you if you request it.
For those of you who would like to order for us in bulk quantities I have compiled a list of essential to be found below. 
Should you wish to have us special orders for you in larger quantities please note these important things
1. We do not have any paperwork like batch specific gc/ms, allergen reports, third party certification.
All I have is a simple coa and msds which I can forward to you at your request when you place a firm order
for any oil.
2. I will require prepayment for any oil that I special order as I have to prepay from side.
3. There can be no returns on any oil that is special ordered. I mention this because in the world of natural aromatics
there can be considerable olfactory variation from batch to batch. It is simply a part and parcel of what happens
when something is growing in nature with variations of soil types, microclimates, rain or no rain, etc
4. Prices are as of today February 6th. Hence they are approximate. Prices change rapidly in the essential market.
5. Lead time is 1-4 weeks for special orders


The following list is for organic oils in 16 ounce quantities unless otherwise indicated.

Basil Methyl chavicol(India)-16 ounces-$100
Basil Holy/Ocimum sanctum)-16 ounces-$150
Bergamot(Italy)-16 ounces-$250
Bergamot bergapetene free/Italy-$250
Cajeput(Vietnam)-16 ounce-$100
Cardamon(Sri Lanka)-16 ounces-$425
Chamomile Blue/Maticaria chamomile(Austria)-$1000
Chamomile English/Roman(France)-$1000
Cinnamon bark(Sri Lanka)-$500
Cinnamon Leaf(Sri Lanka)-16 ounces-$100
Citronella(India)-16 ounces-$100
Davana/Artemisia pallens(India)-$600
Eucalyptus globulus(India)-16 ounces-$100
Eucalyptus citriodora-16ounces-$100
Eucalyptus radiata-16 ounces-$150
Fir Balsam(Canada)-16 ounces-$175
Fennel Sweet(Egypt) 16- ounces-$225
Geranium(Egypt)-16 ounces-$275
Ginger Fresh(Madagascar-$400
Hyssop(Spain)-16 ounces-$175
Laurel Leaf(Austria)-$250
Lavender(Bulgaria)16 ounces-$250
Lemon(Italy)-16 ounces-$100
Lemon Tea Tree(South Africa)-16 ounces-$230
Lemongrass-16 ounces-$100
Lime(Sri Lanka distilled) 32 ounces-$200
Nutmeg(Sri Lanka)-16 ounces-$200
Orange Sweet(USA) 16 ounces-$75
Oregano/Origanum compactum(Morocco)-16 ounces-$250
Oregano/Origanum vulgare(Austria)-$250
Palmarosa(India) 16 ounces-$125
Patchouli Iron Free-16 ounces-$150
Pepper Black(Sri Lanka)-16 ounces-$375
Peppermint, Japanese(India) 16 ounces-$100
Peppermint(India)-16ounces-$225
Pine Jack/Pinus banksiana(Canada) 16 ounces-$300
Pine, Forest/Scots/Pinus sylvestris(Austria)-$200
Rose Geranium(South Africa)-16 ounces-$400
Rose Geranium/Pelargonium rose(Madagascar)-$425
Rosemary-cineole rich(Morocco)-16 ounces-$125
Rosemary verbenone(Corsica) 16 ounces-$350
Sage/S.officinalis(Spain)-16ounces-$175
Sage Clary.Salvia sclarea(Austria)-16 ounces-$350
Spearmint(India) 16 ounces-$125
Spruce, Black(Canada)16 ounces-$250
Spruce Norway/Picea abces(Italy)-16 ounces-$225
Star Anise(Vietnam)-16 ounces-$125
Tea Tree(Australia)-16 ounces-$125
Tagetes(India) 16 ounces-$150
Turmeric(Madagascar) 16 ounces-$300
Thyme thymol rich/Thymus vulgarism)-16 ounces-$200
Vetiver(Haiti)-16 ounces-$370
Wintergreen(Nepal)-16 ounces-$175
Ylang Extra(Madagascar)-16 ounces-$500
Ylang Complete(Madagascar)-16 ounces-$275
Yuzu(Japan)16 ounces-$500

32 ounce minimum

Cinnamon bark/Cinnamomum burmanii(Indonesia)-$500
Clove Bud(Indonesia)-$230
Coriander Seed-Hungary-$350
Fennel Sweet -Hungart-$250
Lavandino Grosso-France-$175
Lavender Fine Population(France)-$450
Lavender Mailette(France)-$400
Lawang bark/Cinnamomum culillawan(Indonesia)-$350
Oregano(Origanum vulgaris)-$300
Rosemary camphor rich(Spain)-250

Bulk Wild Harvest Essential Oils from White Lotus

Dear Friends-
Kind greeting!
As most of you are aware, Suzanne and I are phasing out all essential oils and co2 extracts from our offerings slowly but surely.
We hope to have the process completed by the end of the summer if not sooner. 
We will be focusing our offering entirely in the realm of absolutes, blend and ruhs/attars/choyas.
I have compiled a list of possible sources for smaller quantities of essential oils that I can send to you if you request it.
For those of you who would like to order for us in bulk quantities I have compiled a list of essential to be found below. 
Should you wish to have us special orders for you in larger quantities please note these important things
1. We do not have any paperwork like batch specific gc/ms, allergen reports, third party certification.
All I have is a simple coa and msds which I can forward to you at your request when you place a firm order
for any oil.
2. I will require prepayment for any oil that I special order as I have to prepay from side.
3. There can be no returns on any oil that is special ordered. I mention this because in the world of natural aromatics
there can be considerable olfactory variation from batch to batch. It is simply a part and parcel of what happens
when something is growing in nature with variations of soil types, microclimates, rain or no rain, etc
4. Prices are as of today February 6th. Hence they are approximate. Prices change rapidly in the essential market.

5. Lead time is 1-4 weeks for special orders

Wild harvest Essential Oils-16 ounce minimum
All prices listed below are the 16 ounce prices

African Blue Grass/Cymbopogon valid(South Africa)-$300
Amyris(Haiti)-$150
Armoise/Mugwort/Artemisia vulgaris(Morocco)-$175
Artemisia White Sage Brush(Artesia ludoviciana)-$300
Australian Balm Mint Bush/Prosanthera melissfolia(Australia)-$225
Bay Leaf/Pimenta racemosa(West Indies)-$250
Birch, Sweet/Betula lenta(USA) USA-$175
Birch Tar/Betula pendula(Europe)-$200
Blue Tansy/Tanacetum annum(Morocco)-$1500(irregularly available)
Buccha/Barosma betulina(South Africa)-$350
Buddhawood(Australia)-$400
Calamus Root(Nepal)-$175
Camphor, White(China)-$100
Cananga/Cananga odorata microphyllum(Indonesia)-$175
Cape Snowbush/Eriocephalus africanus(South Africa)-$700
Cape May/Coleonema album(South Africa)-$550
Carrot Seed(Austria)-$225
Cedar leaf, Western Red/Thuja plicata(Canada)-$175
Cedar wood, Atlas(Morocco)-$100
Cedar wood, Virginia/Juniperus virginiana(USA)-$100
Cedarwood, Himalayan(India)-$100
Cedar wood, Texas/Juniperus mexicana(USA)-$100
Cedar wood heartwood, Western Red Cedar(dark  reddish brown color)-$200
Cedar wood heartwood, Western Red Cedar(amber color)-$225

Chamomile Wild/Ormensis mixta(Morocco)-$625

Cinnamon bark/Cinnamomum zeylanicum(Madagascar)-$380
Cistus(Spain)-$500
Copaiba balsam(Brazil)-$125
Combava Petitgrain/Citrus hysteria(Madagascar)-$250
Cypress, Blue/Callitris entropica(Australia)-$450
Cypress/Cupressus sempirvirens(Crete)-$125
Cypress, Alaska/Cupressus nootkatenis-$150
Cypriol-Nagarmotha/Cyperus scariousus(India)-$325
Elemi(Phillipines)-$2200
Erigeron/Erigeron canadensis(USA)-$150
Eucalyptus globulus(Corsica)-$200
Eucalyptus dives-Peppermint eucalyptus(South Africa-$100
Eucalyptus smith(South Africa)-$100
Fir Balsam/Abies balsam(Canada)-$125
Fir Douglas/Pseudotsuga menziesii(Balkans)-$225
Fir Grand/Abies grandis(USA)-$250
Fir Siberian/Abies siberica(Russia)-$100
Fir Silver/Abies alba(Austria)-$125
Frankincense/Boswellia carterii(Somalia)-$250
Frankincense/Boswellia frereana(Somalia)$400
Frankincense, Sacred/Boswellia sacra(Oman)-$450
Frankincense, India/Boswellia serrata-$355
Galbanum/Ferula galbaniflua(Iran)-$300
Greenheart Wood/Warburgia ugandensis(East African)-$425
Guiacawood(Paraquay)-$100
Gurjun Balsam(Light)-$100
Gurjun Balsam(Dark)-$100
Hinoki/Chamaecyparis obtusa(Japan)-$250
Hiba/Thujopsis dolabrata(Japan)-$275
Ho Wood/China-$100
Kapur kachari/Hedychium spicatum(India)-$175

Khella/Ammi visage(Morocco)-$450
Lantana/Lantana camera(Madagascar)-$250
Laurel Leaf(Crete)-$225
Lavender, Wild/Lavandula angustifolia(Bulgaria)$275
Lavender, Wild/Lavandula angustifolia(France)$300
Lavender Spike/Lavandula latifolia(Spain)$175
Leleshwa/Tarchonanthus camphor(Kenya)$275
Marjoram, Sweet/Origanum majorana(Egypt)-$200

Mastic(Morocco)-$400
Muhuhu/Brachylaena hutchinsii)-$275
Myrrh/Commiphora myrrha(Ethiopia-$500
Myrrh/Commiphora myrrha(Somalia)-$400
Myrtle/Myrtus communis(Morocco)-$250
Myrtle Linalool Rich(Austria)-$300
Nerolina/Melaleuca qunquenerva(Australia)-$250

Opoponax/Commiphora erythraea(Kenya)-$300
Orange Sweet West Indies-$100
Oregano/Origanum vulgaris(Turkey)-$200
Palo Santo(Ecuador)-$475
Pennyroyal(Morocco)-$125
Petitgrain combava/Citrus hysteria(Indonesia_-$225
Pine Black/Pinus nigra(Bulgaria)-$100
Pine Dwarf MountainPinus mugs(Italy)-$250
Pine Scots/Forest/Pinus sylvestris(Austria)-$100
Pine Swiss Stone/Pinus cembra(Austria)-$225
Pine White/Pinus strobus(Canada)-$250
Pepper Pink/Schinus molle(Kenya)-$325

Pla/Zingerber cassuminar(Thailand)-$450
Ponderosa Pine/Pinus ponderosa(Argentina)-$200
Ravensara aromatica(Madagascar)-$300
Ravintsara/Cinnamomum camphor(Madagascar)-$150
Rhododendron Leaf(Rhododendron anthopogon)-$400
Rosemary camphor rich(Spain)-$125
Rosemary cineolel rich(Tunisia)-$125
Rosemary, African/Eriocephalus racemosus(South /africa-$400
Rue/Ruta graveolens(Spain)-$300
Sage Spanish/Salvia lavandufolia(Spain)-$125
Sandalwood,/ Santalum austrocaledonicum(New Caledonia)-$1200
Savory, Mountain/Satureja montana(Spain)-$225
Siamwood/Fokeinia hodginsii(Vietnam)-$150
Spikenard(amber colored)/Nardstachys jatamansi(India)-$500
Spikenard(green colored)-$550
Spruce, Black/Picea mariana(Canada)-$175
Spruce, White/Picea glauca(Canada)-$225
St Johns Wort(Bulgaria)-$850
Sugandh kokila/Cinnamomum glaucsens-$200
Sugandh mantri/Homalomena aromatica-$150
Tansy Blue/Tanacetum annum(Morocco)$1600
Thyme borneol rich/Thymus satureoides(Morocco)-$175
Thyme Red/Thymus zygis(Spain)-$225
Thyme gerianol rich/Thymus syperillum(Albania)-$225
Tomar Seed/Zanthozhylum armatum(India)-$150
Yarrow Blue(England)-$700
Verbena, African/Lippia japonica(South Africa)-$250
Vetiver(Haiti)-$300
Wintergreen(Nepal)-$125

32 ounce minimum

Frankincense, India/Boswellia serrata-$355
Juniper Berry(India)-$225