Monday, May 30, 2011

Galbanum(Ferula galbaniflua) CO2 Select Extract/Iran

Galbanum(Ferula galbaniflua) CO2 Select Extract/Iran

Images of Galbanum

Galbanum CO2 select extract is a colorless to pale yellow liquid displaying fine, deep, green, balsamic, resinous bouquet with dry, woody, coniferous undertone of excellent tenacity

In natural perfumery is used in fougere, cologne, chypres, Oriental bases, sacred perfumes, incense bouquets, moss notes, high class florals in trace amounts

Cocoa(Theobroma cocao) co2 select extract/South America

Cocoa(Theobroma cocao) co2 select extract/South America

Images of Cocao

Even though cocoa bean co2 is considered a select extract, it like several other select extracts like orris root co2 is a solid, beige, waxy mass at room temperature. It displays a very complex chocolaty-vanillic bouquet with a sweet, creamy undertone

In natural perfumery used in culinary perfumes, lip balms, amber bases, fantasy perfumes, high class florals

Clove Bud(Eugenia caryophyllata, Syzygium aromaticum) select extract organic /Indonesia, Madagascar

Clove Bud(Eugenia caryophyllata, Syzygium aromaticum) select extract organic /Indonesia, Madagascar

Images of Clove

Select extract of Clove Buds from Indonesia is a pale yellow liquid displaying a rich sweet/sour, spicy-aromatic bouquet with a balsamic-floral undertone of fine tenacity

In natural perfumes it is used in culinary perfumes, spice accords, high class florals(night queen, carnation, ylang, rose, narcisuss), incense bouquet

Coffee (Coffea arabica) organic total extract/India

Coffee (Coffea arabica) organic total extract/India

Coffee Images

Total CO2 extract of roasted coffee beans from India is a brown liquid displaying a deep, toasted, coffee bean like aroma with a delicate, complex balsamic, earthy, spicy, carmelic undertone of good tenacity

In natural perfumery is used in culinary perfumes, amber bases, fougere, earth accords, and fantasy perfumes

Cassia/Cinnamon Bark(Cinnamomum cassia) total extract/China

Cassia/Cinnamon Bark(Cinnamomum cassia) total extract/China

Cassia Images

Cassia Bark CO2 total extract is a brown opaque viscous liquid with a powerful, sweet, spicy bouquet with a unique vanillic-balsamic, powdery undertone of great tenacity and radiance

In natural perfumery is used in culinary bouquets, spice accords, incense perfumes, high class florals in trace amounts to introduce a warm radiant spicy note

Celery Seed( Apium graveolens) total extract organic/India

Celery Seed( Apium graveolens) total extract organic/India


Celery Images


Celery Seed total extract from India is an olive green viscous liquid displaying a rich, slightly punguent, green, spicy-aromatic bouquet with a earthy, herbaceous undertone of great tenacity and power

In natural perfumery used in culinary bouquets, forest notes, spice accords, fougere, earth accords, herbaceous essences

Angelica archangelica root co2 select extract/Poland

Angelica archangelica root co2 select extract/Poland

Images of Angelica

Angelica root co2 select extract is a golden slightly viscous liquid displaying and immensely rich, sweet, animalic-musky, rooty aroma with an earthy-mossy-woody undertone of fine tenacity. The richness of the musk bouquet is especially displayed in the co2 extract

In natural perfume it is used in musk accords, Oriental bases, incense perfumes, culinary essences, fougere, heavy chypre, and special colognes

Sunday, May 29, 2011

Petitgrain Sur Fleur Neroli (Citrus aurantium var. amara) essential oil/Morocco

Petitgrain Sur Fleur Neroli (Citrus aurantium var. amara) essential oil/Morocco

Images of Bitter Orange

Petitgrain sur fleur Neroli(codistillation of petitgrain leaves with neroli flowers) is a pale yellow liquid displaying a elegant, sweet, ethereal floral bouquet with a delicate green leafy undertone

In natural perfumery is used in colognes, high class florals, chypre, fougere

Opoponax (Commiphera guidotti) Absolute/French extracted

Opoponax (Commiphera guidotti) Absolute/French extracted

Images of Opoponax

Opoponax absolute is a dark amber colored very viscous liquid displaying an elegant, mellow, sweet, rich, resinous, balsamic bouquet with a delicate, warm, animalic-spicy undertone.

In natural perfumery it is used in amber bases, musk accords, fougere, chypre, Oriental bases, leather notes, incense bouquets, sacred perfumes

Black Hemlock Spruce (Tsuga canadensis) Absolute/Canada

Black Hemlock Spruce (Tsuga canadensis) Absolute/Canada

Images of Black Hemlock Spruce

Black Hemlock Spruce Absolute is a dark green very viscous liquid displaying an immensely rich, suave, fruity, coniferous bouquet with a sweet, balsamic, woody undertone of good tenacity

In natural perfumery it is used in forest notes, fruit accords, sacred perfumes, colognes, fougere, chypre, high class florals

Red Raspberry Leaf (Rubus idaeus) absolute 30% in perfumers alcohol/French extracted

Red Raspberry Leaf (Rubus idaeus) absolute 30% in perfumers alcohol/French extracted

Red raspberry images

Red Raspberry Leaf absolute in perfumers alcohol is a dark green liquid displaying a fine green,leafy, sweet, fruity bouquet with a delicate resinous undertone

In natural perfumery used in fruit accord, culinary perfumes, herbaceous accords, colognes, chypre

Pine, Forest/Virginia Cedarwood(Pinus sylvestris/Juniperus virginiana) coextracted absolute/France

Pine, Forest/Virginia Cedarwood(Pinus sylvestris/Juniperus virginiana) coextracted absolute/France

Pine Forest/Cedarwood coextracted absolute is pale yellow liquid displaying an fine rich, warm, green, resionous, nutty, slightly fruity aroma with a precious woods, earthy undertone

In natural perfumery used in incense perfumes, sacred essences, forest notes, colognes, chypre, fougere, after shave lotions

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Absolute/France

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Absolute/France

Images of Licorice

Licorice absolute is a dark brown viscous liquid which is soluble in perfumers alcohol but not directly soluble in carrier oils. It displays a soft, sweet, moss/ rooty aroma with a delicate rounded carmelic undertone. The odor is soft and mild as compared with its intensely sweet rooty taste of licorice.

In natural perfumery it is used in earth accords, apothecary blends, new mown hay, herbaceous bouquets, culinary perfumes, amber bases, musk accords

Lavender, Seville (Lavandula luisieri) absolute/Spain(French extracted)

Lavender, Seville (Lavandula luisieri) absolute/Spain(French extracted)

Images of Seville Lavender

Seville Lavender absolute is a olive green viscous liquid displaying a unique rich, dry-fruity, herbaceous bouquet with a sweet ambery-resinous, coumarinic undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in fruit accords, herbaceous notes, high class florals, colognes, amber bases, new mown hay, fougere, chypre

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) absolute/Bulgaria

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) absolute/Bulgaria

Lavender Images

Bulgarian Lavender absolute(French extracted) is an emerald green viscous but pourable liquid displaying an immensely rich, sweet, coumarinic-herbaceous bouquet with a delicate floral, woody-herbal undertone

In natural perfumery it is used extensively in herbal accords, chypre, fougere, colognes, new mown hay bases, forest notes, culinary perfumes, sachet perfumes, literary essences

Labdanum, Incense note(Cistus ladanifer) Absolute/Spain

Labdanum, Incense note(Cistus ladanifer) Absolute/Spain

Images of Cistus

Labdanum incense note absolute is a amber colored viscous but pourable liquid displaying an extremely rich, sweet, resinous, ambery-incense bouquet with a dry herbaceous, balsamic undertone of outstanding tenacity

In natural perfumery it is used in incense notes, sacred perfumes, colognes, Oriental bases, musk accords, ambre bases, forest notes, chypre, fougere

Frankincense/Virgininia cedarwood (Boswellia carteri/Juniperus virginiana) coextracted absolute/France

Frankincense/Virgininia cedarwood (Boswellia carteri/Juniperus virginiana) coextracted absolute/France

The Frankincense/Cedarwood absolute which is coextracted in France is a colorless to pale yellow flowable liquid displaying a perfect balance of rich, balsamic, resinous notes of frankincense with the deep, dry, precious woods, earthy notes of Virginia cedarwood giving it a very ancient and sophisticated bouquet of good tenacity

In natural perfumery it is used in sacred perfumes, incense bouquet, Oriental bases, precious woods notes, and a general fixative in most perfume types

Calendula (Calendula officinalis) absolute/Egypt

Calendula (Calendula officinalis) absolute/Egypt

Images of Calendula

Calendula absolute is a deep orange viscous liquid displaying a deep, warm, green, herbaceous bouquet with a dried fruity-spicy undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in herbaceous accords, high class florals(gardenia, hyacinth, lilac) in trace amounts, forest notes, green notes, earth accords

Juniper Berry (Juniperus communis) wild harvest essential oil-India

Juniper Berry (Juniperus communis) wild harvest essential oil-India

Images of Juniper

Juniper Berry essential oil from India is a colorless to pale yellow liquid displaying a warm, green, resinous, coniferous bouquet with a woody-balsamic undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in forest notes, room refreshners, after shave lotions, ambre bases, spice notes, chypres, fougere, sacred perfumes, incense bouquet

Tangerine (Citrus reticulata) non sprayed/South Africa

Tangerine (Citrus reticulata) non sprayed/South Africa

Images of Tangerine

Tangerine essential oil is a orange liquid with a delicate, fresh, sweet, juicy-citrus aroma

In natural perfumery it is used in culinary perfumes, colognes, citrus accords, top note in floral perfumes

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) essential oil/Italy

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) essential oil/Italy

Images of Tarragon


Tarragon essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow liquid display a uniforim sweet, fresh, clean, anisic-spicy bouquet

In natural perfumery it is used in trace amounts in herbal bouquets, culinary perfumes, chypre, cologne and green-floral bases

Sandalwood, Papua(Santalum macgregorii) wild harvested essential oil/Papua , New Guinea

Sandalwood, Papua(Santalum macgregorii) wild harvested essential oil/Papua , New Guinea

Sandalwood essential oil from Papu, New Guinea is a pale yellow liquid displaying a soft, sweet, balsamic bouquet with a creamy, delicate precious woods undertone.

In natural perfumery it is used as a general fixative in almost any perfume type.
Its particular application is in Oriental-floral bouquets, incense notes, fougere, woody-floral bases, chypres, fougeres, sacred perfumes

Saturday, May 28, 2011

Tagetes(Tagetes minuta) organic essential oil/South Africa

Tagetes(Tagetes minuta) organic essential oil/South Africa

Images of Tagetes

Tagetes essential from South Africa is an orange liquid displaying a lovely sweet, fruity, floral-herbaceous bouquet with a delicate green, balsamic undertone

In natural perfumery used in herbaceous accords, fruit notes, fougere, cologne, chypre, high class florals

Pine Maritime(Pinus pinaster) essential oil/Hungary

Pine Maritime(Pinus pinaster) essential oil/Hungary

Images of Maritime Pine

Maritime Pine essential oil is a colorless liquid with a soft, sweet, green, resinous-coniferous aroma with delicate balsamic undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in incense perfumes, forest notes, sacred perfumes, room refreshners, colognes, holiday bouquets, spa perfumes

Orange, Sweet (Citrus sinensis) wild harvest/West Indies

Orange, Sweet (Citrus sinensis) wild harvest/West Indies

Images of Sweet Orange

The wild harvested Sweet Orange essential oil from the West Indies(cold pressed) is the most unique in aroma amongst the sweet oranges that I have had encountered.
It is an orange liquid with a distinctive fresh, sweet/punguent fruity-citrus bouquet.
Its overall bouquet is more intense in the above described notes than any other sweet orange I have smelled

In natural perfumery can be effectively used in culinary perfumes, top note in floral compositions, colognes, fougeres and chypres, fruit accords

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) essential oil/Indonesia

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) essential oil/Indonesia

Images of Nutmeg

Indonesian nutmeg essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow liquid displaying a warm, sweet spicy-aromatic bouquet with balsamic woody undertone. The terpenic top note which is distinctly present in the Sri Lankan nutmeg is very subdued in the Indonesian oil.

In natural perfumery it is used in culinary perfumes, incense note, after-shave lotions, spicy accords, chypres, incense notes

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil/Indonesia

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil/Indonesia

Patchouli essential oil displays a range of colors and odors depending on the way in which the leaves are fermented, the age of the oil, the type of equipment distilled in, method of growth etc-so I will do my best to describe the patchouli essential oils we have in stock.

Patchouli essential oil(aged 5 years)conventianal- Indonesia
The 5 year aged patchouli is a golden liquid displaying a very rich, sweet, balsamic, herbaceous aroma with a woody, mossy, earthy undertone. Tenacity is very good. Its overall character is sweeter more ethereal-herbaceous than the other patchouli's we offer.

Patchouli essential oil(aged 2 years) organic-Indonesia
The 2 year aged patchouli is an amber colored liquid displaying a rich, earthy, herbaceous aroma with a woody, rooty, slightly animalic undertone. Tenacity is very good. Its overall character is heavier, more earthy-herbaceous than the other patchouli's we offer

Patchouli esssential oil (iron free because distilled in stainless steel vessels) organic-Indonesia
Iron free patchouli is a light amber colored liquid displaying a rich, sweet, balsamic, herbaceous aroma with a fine earthy, woody, slighty minty undertone

Patchouli, dark(dark because distilled in old fashioned crude iron vessels) essential organic-Indonesia
Dark patchouli is quite similar to the iron free patchouli with its rich, balsamic-herbaceous bouquet and earthy, woody, minty undertone. It is in my opinion a bit deeper in its undertone notes


Patchouli essential oil is used extensively in natural perfumery including Oriental bases, fougere, chypre , incense notes, culinary perfumes, precious woods bases, sacred perfumes

Monday, May 9, 2011

Amber (fossilized conifer resin) essential oil/India

Amber (fossilized conifer resin) essential oil/India

The dark brown viscous oil displays a leathery, slightly smoky, resinous bouquet with a delicately sweet balsamic, suave, precious woods undertone. It is entirely free from the harsh phenolic notes that are typically associated with the amber oil produced from destructive distillation of baltic amber resin.

In natural perfumery amber oil will be superb fixative and will be valued in amber bases, botanical musk accords, botanical ambergris bases, oriental perfumes, incense creations, forest notes, fougere, chypre and high class florals

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) essential oil/ South Africa, India

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) essential oil/ South Africa, India

There she stopped, and stuffed her huge pockets with some of all the kinds of herbs. She took some tansy and peppermint, and caraway-seed and dill, spearmint and cloves, pennyroyal and sweet marjoram, basil and rosemary, wild thyme and some of the other time,—such as you have in clocks,—sappermint and oppermint, catnip, valerian, and hop; indeed, there isn't a kind of herb you can think of that the little old woman didn't have done up in her little paper bags, that had all been dried in her little[19] Dutch-oven. She packed these all up, and then went back with the children, taking her stick.
The Peterkin Papers, by Lucretia P Hale



Spearmint images

Spearmint essential oil is a pale yellow liquid displaying a intensely sweet, penetrating green, minty-herbaceous odor

In natural perfumery it is used in fougere, herbal notes, culinary perfumes, soap perfumes, diffuser blends

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

Sunday, May 8, 2011

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Tea Tree(Melaleuca alternifolia)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Tea Tree(Melaleuca alternifolia)

Wikipedia

Melaleuca Oil Research Report

Tea tree: the genus Melaleuca By Ian Southwell, Robert Lowe

Encyclopedia of food and color additives, Volume 3 By George A. Burdock

Botanical medicine in clinical practice By Victor R. Preedy

Turmeric (Curcurma longa) essential oil/Indonesia, India

Turmeric (Curcurma longa) essential oil/Indonesia, India

All Hindu brides have their bodies rubbed with yellow turmeric, and the principal religious flower, the marigold, is orange-yellow. Yellow is, however, also lucky as being the colour of Vishnu or the Sun, and a yellow flag is waved above his great temple at Rāmtek on the occasion of the fair.
The Tribes and Castes of the Central
Provinces of India - Volume IV of IV, by R.V. Russell


Images of Turmeric

Turmeric essential oil is a light yellow to dark yellow essential oil displaying a fresh, spicy-powdery, earthy-rooty odor with a dry woody undertone


In natural perfumery it is used in culinary perfumes, Oriental bases, spice accords, precious woods notes, woody-floral perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Verbena, Lemon (Lippia citriodora) essential oil/Morocco and France

Verbena, Lemon (Lippia citriodora) essential oil/Morocco and France

Images of Lemon verbena

October though it was, the garden was still very sweet with dear, old-fashioned, unworldly flowers and shrubs—sweet may, southern-wood, lemon verbena, alyssum, petunias, marigolds and chrysanthemums. A tiny brick wall, in herring-bone pattern, led from the gate to the front porch. The whole place might have been transplanted from some remote country village; yet there was something about it that made its nearest neighbor, the big lawn-encircled palace of a tobacco king, look exceedingly crude and showy and ill-bred by contrast. As Phil said, it was the difference between being born and being made.
Anne Of The Island, by Lucy Maud Montgomery


Lemon verbena essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow liquid displaying an intense, fresh, sweet lemony-fruity aroma with a fine juicy-floral undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in room refreshners, colognes, citrus accords, culinary perfumes, high class florals(top note)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Verbena, Lemon(Lippia citriodora)

Ylang, Extra (Cananga odorata var genuina) essential oil/ Madagascar, Comoros

Ylang, Extra (Cananga odorata var genuina) essential oil/ Madagascar, Comoros

It was at the close of a long, golden, tropical afternoon, and the vesper bells were ringing leisurely, yet insistently, from every church steeple in Manila; that city of churches and tolling bells, of ruins, mystery and romance. Within the walled city the air was still hot and ylang-ylang scented, but on the Luneta drive a breeze was blowing fresh from the scintillating bay, refreshing cosmopolitan Manila in its monotonous gyrations around the bandstand; that Mecca of music lovers, whatever their nationality.
A Philippine romance
By Lillian Hathaway Mearns

Images of Ylang tree

Ylang Extra essential oil is the first fraction separated out during distillation of Ylang flowers. It is a pale yellow liquid displaying a an elegant intensely sweet floral odor with a refined vanillic, fruity, spicy undertone


In natural perfumery it is used in high class florals, Oriental and Tropical bouquets, fruit accords, garland perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Ylang (Cananga odorata var genuina)

Saturday, May 7, 2011

Rose, White/Rose, Red(Rosa alba/Rosa damascena) codistilled essential oil/Bulgaria

Rose, White/Rose, Red(Rosa alba/Rosa damascena) codistilled essential oil/Bulgaria

Images of White Rose

The codistillation of white and pink roses a clear white liquid with a warm, radiant, sweet, ethereal roseaceous bouquet with a creamy honeyed, balsamic, slightly spicy undertone. The tenacity is very good.

In natural perfumery used in high class florals, sacred perfumes, oriental bases, chypres, culinary perfumes

Vetiver (Vetiveria ziazaniodes) essential oil/Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Madagasar, Haiti

Vetiver (Vetiveria ziazaniodes) essential oil/Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Madagasar, Haiti

On finding myself there again, surrounded by objects, to each of which belonged some sweet remembrance; and as the scent of "vetiver," Marcelle's favorite perfume, saluted me on entering, the flood of bitterness which had again risen in my heart subsided, and I drew near to Clara's cradle, in which I heard her breathing softly. A moonbeam, penetrating the light drapery, fell round her head in an aureole of glory.
Mémorial de famille
By Émile Souvestre

Images of vetiver

The fragrance of essential oil of Vetiver roots varies considerably from country to country depending upon the many environmental factors that are involved in the growth of the roots, the age at which they are distilled, the technique of distillation etc.
The rootless of an individual vetiver plant are numbered in the hundreds and these absorb from the earth the various qualities of that earth. It is, in short a very intriguing oil.

Vetiver essential oil from Sri Lanka is a dark amber viscous liquid displaying a earthy, mossy, rooty bouquet with a unique sweet floral undertone. The oil has excellent tenacity

Vetiver essential oil from Madagascar is yet darker in color that Sri Lankan sandalwood with a more deep earthy, mossy, rooty bouquet with a a delicate resinous-woody undertone of excellent tenacity

Vetiver essential oil from Haiti is a golden viscous liquid displaying a warm, a balanced sweet, earthy, mossy, rooty bouquet with a fine precious woods undertone of great tenacity

Vetiver essential oil from Haiti is a light amber colored viscous liquid displaying a heavy, earthy, rooty,mossy aroma with a precious woods undertone of fine tenacity

In nautral perfumery it finds extensive use and is include in fougere, chypre, amber bases, incense perfumes, culinary perfumes, Orientaly bases, precious wood notes, sacred perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Vetiver (Vetiveria ziazaniodes)

Friday, May 6, 2011

Treasures of Aromatic Literature-Scent of Sandalwood

Treasures of Aromatic Literature-Scent of Sandalwood

According to popular belief the discovery was made by the celebrated Noor Jehan, the favourite wife of the Emperor Jehangire; but the Emperor himself in his memoirs attributes the discovery, not to Noor Jehan, but to her mother. Although discovered and first made in India, the best attar of roses is now brought from Busrah, in the Persian Gulf. It is brought in small silver flasks of much the shape of a pear and about the size of a small walnut. The mouth of the neck of the flask is securely soldered; but so powerful is the perfume that it escapes through the silver of the flask. When in India I procured at different times three of these flasks. Two of them I have still; one was lost in the Mutiny. When I procured the flasks they were completely filled with the attar; they are now, and have been for years, quite empty. The soldering at the necks of the flasks is as perfect as ever, but the attar has exhaled through the silver of the flasks themselves. The flasks have been kept in a silver box lined with sandalwood; they were put among letters and various small curiosities. Although the attar has evaporated from the flasks, it remains as strong as ever among the letters and curiosities and the sandalwood of the box itself. The sandalwood, however, has imparted to the perfume of the attar a flavour rather oppressive, to our English tastes at least; for it is one which the natives of India greatly admire, and which they much prefer to that of the attar alone. The attar of roses, with which on occasions of ceremony they perfume themselves and their garments, is always mingled with a scent obtained from sandalwood.
Haunts and hobbies of an Indian official
By Mark Thornhill

Contemplate the wondrous hues of the rare Eastern silks, and about them there still seems to cling the allpervading, sandalwood scent of the treasure-laden Orient.
Golden book of the Wanamaker stores
By John Wanamaker (Firm)

The atmosphere was oppressive; the chandelier near us poured out a hot and dazzling light. I kept my fan going incessantly, and with its sandalwood scent it said something to me — for scents also speak — that enravished me.
Memoirs of Bertha von Suttner: the records of an eventful life
By Bertha von Suttner

"There is but one other spot in the world for me that has just such a sea-breeze as this, and that is Guernsey. It's curious—isn't it ?— how completely we are under the domination of the sense of smell? I never enter your drawing-room, for instance, that I don't feel as if I were ten thousand miles away in Singapore—and all because of that sandalwood fan in that old ivory box. The scent is there, but strangely elusive."
Sanna of the island town
By Mary Ella Waller

"Do you recall anything of your earlier life in Singapore? You spoke of it in connection with the sandalwood fragrance."

"No—" he hesitated. "I can hardly say that I do recall anything; but it would not be untrue to say that some impressions of my life there are very vivid, very lasting." He paused, hoping she might put some leading question; but she was silent.

"For instance," he went on, but almost as if to himself, "that scent of sandal-wood—it always brings back to me my awakening from sleep, and a certain song my nurse used to sing?"

"Do you remember her?"

"No, only the song. I couldn't have been more than two and a half or three. I was with Mere Marliave six years. This was hers, my nurse's."
Sanna: a novel
By Mary Ella Waller

So they went on talking until they forgot their journalistic mission, and Frank, at least, remembered only that it was a strange, and delightful thing to sit opposite Katherine in her white silk dress in the old-world room with its fragrance of sandalwood and lilies, the scent of which would remind him always of this hour in the twilight. He started when the door was opened wide by the powdered footman who said, "M. le Comte de Grammont."
The street of adventure
By Philip Gibbs

Seachests gave up their treasure, and bits of ebony and jade were added to mantel curios, an ivory junk spread its crimson sail beside the Tower of Pisa, a spirited portrait of the Leviathan entering the port of Malaga was hung opposite the waxen survival of Aunt Jane's funeral wreath. And in shaded parlors the fragrance of sandalwood and attar-of-rose and the spicy odor of lacquer mingled with the breath of syringa wafted in from the garden.
Old Cape Cod: the land, the men, the sea
By Mary Rogers Bangs

The foregoing conversation was held in Mrs. Tree's parlor. I say Mrs. Tree's, advisedly, for, though the bright, energetic spirit that had so lately held sway there was gone, her presence still remained to fill the room. Indeed, this room, with its dim antique richness, its glimmer of"*gold lacquer, its soft duskiness of brocade and damask, its treasures of rare and precious woods, and, above all, its fragrance of sandalwood and roses, had always seemed the fit and perfect setting for the ancient jewel it held.
Mrs. Tree's will
By Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards

An exotic and heady atmosphere, compounded of the faint and intangible exhalations of these insentient things, fragrance of sandalwood, myrrh and musk, reminiscent whiffs of half-forgotten incense, seemed to intensify the impression of gloomy richness and repose.
The black bag
By Louis Joseph Vance

The Captains are nearly all gone now. Little trace of the ship-yards remains, and even the wharves from which the Indiamen sailed have rotted, and been replaced by the lumber and coal wharves of to-day; but all through the countryside you come on touches of the shipping days, and of the East, as startling as a sudden fragrance of sandalwood in some old cabinet.
A northern countryside
By Rosalind Richards

Here, during the heated hours of the day she was wont to rest. Garlands of white roses and late violets mingled their. intoxicating perfumes with the fragrance of sandalwood, that was simmering in the Arabian incense burner.
The lotus woman: a romance of Byzantine Constantinople
By Nathan Gallizier

O Chang Tzu! remember the spice on the breeze,
The sandalwood fragrance from over the seas,
The ruler in yellow, Confucius, the seer,
The passion of Hui Tzu, the glamour, the cheer
When Hanchih was played in the wilds of Tung-ting
The maddest of music on rhapsody's string.
Remember the yin and remember the yang,
The wind and the rain, the darkness, the light, Remember high Sung, remember great Tang...
Dreams of Hellas: and other poems
By Annie Elizabeth Cheney

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Ylang (Cananga odorata var genuina)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Ylang (Cananga odorata var genuina)

Ylang-Ylang: Benefits, Using Tips and Side Effects

CRC handbook of alternative cash crops By James A. Duke, Judith L. DuCellier

Leung's encyclopedia of common natural ingredients By Ikhlas A. Khan, Ehab A. Abourashed

PROSEA : Plant Resources of South-East Esia 19, Essential-oil Plants By L.P.A Oyen and Nguyen Xuan Dung (Editors)

Ylang complete (Cananga odorata var.genuina) essential oil/Madagascar

Ylang complete (Cananga odorata var.genuina) essential oil/Madagascar

The house was a delicious little nest among orange-trees and ylang-ylang. They found Maria by an open window, overlooking the lake, surrounded by the fresh foliage and delicate perfume of vines and flowers.
An Eagle Flight, by José Rizal


Images of Ylang tree

Ylang complete essential oil is a light yellow liquid which is produced by an unbroken distillation of the flowers over a period of 12 hours or more(as compared with the fractionated oil i.e. ylang extra, ylang 1, ylang 2 and ylang 3)
The complete oil displays a rich, sweet, creamy-floral bouquet with a fine balsamic-woody undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in Oriental and Tropical Bouquets, high class florals, fruit notes, culinary perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Ylang (Cananga odorata var genuina)

Tomar Seed(Zanthoxylum alatum, syn Z. armatum)essential oil/Nepal

Tomar Seed(Zanthoxylum alatum, syn Z. armatum)essential oil/Nepal

Images of Tomar seed

The pale yellow mobile oil of Tomar Seed displays a warm, rich, precious woody, green-peppery, spicy aroma with a sweet floral undertone. It has good tenacity and is appreciated for its fixative qualities

In natural perfumery can be used effectively in apothecary perfumes, woody-floral compostions, incense perfumes, spicy colognes, forest notes, high class florals

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Tomar Seed (Zanthoxylum alatum)

Sugandh kokila (Cinnamomum glaucescens, syn. C.cecidodaphne) essential oil/Nepal

Sugandh kokila (Cinnamomum glaucescens, syn. C.cecidodaphne) essential oil/Nepal

Images of Sugandh kokila

The clear mobile liquid distilled from the berries of Cinnamomum glaucescens) displays a rich, sweet, penetrating, spicy-wood-resinous bouquet with a warm, radiant herbaceous camphoraceous undertone with good tenacity. In the deep dry out phase(after 12 hours there remains a sweet, delicate, spicy herbaceous aroma on the perfumers strip.

In natural perfumery the oils can be used in incense compositions, spice accords, precious woods bouquets, Oriental compositions, forest notes, ayurvedic blends

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sugandh kokila (Cinnamomum glaucescens syn Cinnamomum cecidodaphne)

Spikenard, green (Nardostachys jatamansi) essential oil/Nepal

Spikenard, green (Nardostachys jatamansi) essential oil/Nepal

The road along which the procession was to pass had been strewn with fine yellow sand. Brazen tripods, disposed along the way at regular intervals, sent up to heaven the odorous smoke of cinnamon and spikenard. These vapours, moreover, alone clouded the purity of the azure above. The clouds of a hymeneal day ought, indeed, to be formed only by the burning of perfumes.
King Candaules, by Théophile Gautier


Spikenard images

Green Spikenard essential oil is a light to emerald green liquid displaying a strong earthy, mossy, rooty, animalic with a spicy, woody undertone of good tenacity

In natural perfumery it is used in Oriental bases, heavy florals, incense bouquets, sacred perfumes, gougeres, precious woods bases, amber bases, musk accords

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Spikenard (Nardostachys jatamansi)

Styrax/Liquidamber styraciflua) essential oil/Honduras

Styrax (Liquidamber styraciflua) essential oil/Honduras

Images of Liquidamber trees

Styrax essential oil is at cool temperatures a crystaline solid which may separate into a top liquid layer and a bottom crystaline layer with the crystaline layer predominating.
When gently melted it can be easily blended with other essential oils, carrier oils etc.
The essential oil displays a rich, resinous, blasmic sweet bouquet with a floral-spicy undertone

In natural perfumery it is is used in fine floral perfumes(hyacinth, lilac, appleblossom, carnation, cassie, mimosa, hawthorn),fougere, chypres, incense bouquets, resinous accords

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Styrax (Liquidamber styraciflua)

Sage (Salvia officinalis) essential oil/Hungary, Bulgaria, Bosnia

Sage (Salvia officinalis) essential oil/Hungary, Bulgaria, Bosnia

A wind blew the scent of sage in his face. The first early blackness of night passed with the brightening of the stars. Somewhere back on his trail a coyote yelped, splitting the dead silence. Venters's faculties seemed singularly acute.
Riders of the Purple Sage, by Zane Grey

Images of Sage

Sage essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow liquid displaying a fresh, warm, cammphoraceous, resinous-herbaceous odor with a spicy-cineolic undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in fougere, cologne, herbal accords, chype, after shave lotions, culinary perfumes, sacred essences

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Thursday, May 5, 2011

Sandalwood, Australia (Santalum spicatum) essential oii/Australia

Sandalwood, Australia (Santalum spicatum) essential oii/Australia

Images of Australian Sandalwood

Australian sandalwood essential oil is a pale yellow liquid with a very soft, balsamic, creamy, light, precious woods notes which remains uniform in olfactory characteristics through all phases of the dryout.

It is an excellent fixative due to its mild olfactory properties and high percentage of base notes. Almost all essential oils, co2 extracts and absolute blend beautifully with it. Oriental bases, chypre, fougere, sacred perfumes, incense bouquets, high class florals, etc all benefit from its use


Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sandalwood, Australia (Santalum spicatum)/Australia

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sandalwood, Australia (Santalum spicatum)/Australia

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sandalwood, Australia (Santalum spicatum)/Australia

Wikipedia

Western Australian sandalwood oil--new constituents of Santalum spicatum

Florabank

Establishment and growth of sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) in south-western Australia: Acacia host trials

Forest trees of Australia By Douglas J. Boland, M. I. H. Brooker, G. M. Chippendale, Maurice William McDonald

PROSEA : Plant Resources of South-East Esia 19, Essential-oil Plants By L.P.A Oyen and Nguyen Xuan Dung (Editors)

Sandalwood(Santalum austrocaledonicum) essential oil/New Caledonia/Vanatu

Sandalwood(Santalum austrocaledonicum) essential oil/New Caledonia/Vanatu

Images of New Caledonia/Vanatu Sandalwood

Sandalwood New Caledonia essential oil is a pale yellow slightly viscous liquid displaying a rich, soft, sweet, creamy, balsamic, precious woods odor which is uniform in olfactory properties throughout the long life of its dry out. The heart note is softer and creamier in aromatic texture than the Sandalwood from India and Sri Lanka

In natural perfumery its application is almost universal as it serves as one of the finest fixatives known in almost all perfume types. It is notably used in high class florals, Oriental bases, precious woods accords, woody-floral bases, fougeres, chypres, sacred perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sandalwood New Caledonia (Santalum austrocaledonicum)

Sage, Clary (Salvia sclarea) essential oil/Bulgaria, Hungary

Sage, Clary (Salvia sclarea) essential oil/Bulgaria, Hungary

Images of Salvia sclarea

Clary sage essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow or pale olive liquid displaying a rich sweet, herbaceous bouquet with an ambery-resinous undertone of good tenacity

In natural perfumery it is used in chypre, fougere, Oriental accords, amber bases, herbal perfumes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Sage, Clary (Salvia sclarea)

Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Rose (Rosa damascena) essential oil/Bulgaria

Rose (Rosa damascena) essential oil/Bulgaria

In the beds blossomed only the few Roses of our grandmothers, and oh! the ineffable fragrance! Damask Roses! Cabbage Roses! Velvet Roses! oh, the perfection of perfume that poured from their pink petals! There were pretty pillars of Madame Plantier Roses at each end of the semicircular bed, each with hundreds of snowy blossoms; and lowgrowing Moss Roses, and a few ancient Tea-Roses which would fill the spaces with scant bloom later in the summer.
Sun dials and roses of yesterday
By Alice Morse Earle

http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=rosa+damascena&f=hp

Rose essential oil is a pale yellow to olive yellow soft waxy mass(at cool temperatures due to the stearoptene floral waxes that come over in distillation) With very gentle heat it becomes a flowable liquid. The oil displays a deep, rich, sweet, warm floral-roseaceous bouquet with a spicy, green, honeyed undertone of good radiance and tenacity

In natural perfumer it is widely used in a great variety of compositions including Oriental bouquets, culinary perfumes, high class florals, sacred essences, etc

Rosewood/Bois de rose (Aniba rosaeodora) essential oil/Brazil

Rosewood/Bois de rose (Aniba rosaeodora) essential oil/Brazil

Images of Rosewood Tree

Rosewood essential oil is a colorless to pale yellow liquid with a suave, sweet, woody-roseaceous odor with a spicy-floral undertone

In natural perfumry it is used in floral notes(muguet, neroli, lilac, sweet pea), precious woods bases, incense perfumes and as a general fixative due to its mild, suave, rounded character

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Wikipedia

What can I do with my herbs?: how to grow, use & enjoy these versatile plants By Judy Barrett

Herbs for use and for delight By Daniel J. Foley

Encyclopedia of food and color additives, Volume 3 By George A. Burdock

Sunday, May 1, 2011

Pepper, Black (Piper nigrum) essential oil/Indonesia, Sri Lanka

Pepper, Black (Piper nigrum) essential oil/Indonesia, Sri Lanka

Images of Pepper Plant


Black pepper essential oil is a colorless to pale greenish-gray liquid displaying fresh, warm aromatic-spicy aroma with a dry, woody-peppery undertone

In natural perfumery it is used in high class floral bases(rose and carnation), Oriental bouquets, amber bases, spice accords, incense perfumes, culinary perfumes, after shave lotions

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Pepper, Black (Piper nigrum)

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil/India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil/India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka

"Smell, like everything else in nature, is produced by vibrations. So is
sound, and light, and taste. Each odor has its particular rate of
vibration. They resemble very much the notes of a musical instrument,
and, as in music, odors can be harmonized, or they may be so mixed
together as to produce discord. Some perfumes, when used on the
handkerchief, and are about to fade away, have a sickly and disagreeable
odor. This is due to the admixture of the wrong or discordant tones.
Thus, heliotrope, vanilla, orange blossom and almond blend together;
citron, lemon, vervain and orange peel belong together, but they produce
a stronger impression on the sense of smell, and are of a higher octave;
and so with a still higher class, as patchouly, sandal-wood and
vitavert."
The Wonder Island Boys: Exploring the Island,
by Roger Thompson Finlay






Images of Patchouli

Patchoul essential oil displays a range of olfactory properties depending on method of distillaton, age of oil, location of harvest, technique of fermentation of the leaves etc.
Generally it it is a light amber to dark amber colored liquid displaying a rich, sweet, herbaceous, balsamic, precious woods bouquet with a minty, animalic, earthy undertone.
Some patchouli oils display a deeper, animalic note in the dryout phase, others a high ethereal sweet note, etc. Each is excellent and has special applications depending on the particular likes of the person using it

In natural perfumery it has wide application including Oriental bouquets, ayurvedic preparations, culinary perfumes, precious woods notes, fougere, chypre, resinous accords

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) essential oil/South Africa, India

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) essential oil/South Africa, India, England

"I'll take a pink and white peppermint stick," said Mr. Rowley Frog, and Mr. Rat said, "Cheese, if you please!" when Mrs. Mousey asked him what he would have.
Puss Junior and Robinson Crusoe, by David Cory

Peppermint images


Peppermint essential oil is a pale yellow or pale olive colored liquid displaying an intense, penetrating, fresh, green-minty aroma with a creamy, sweet balsamic undertone

In natural perfumery used in culinary perfumes, colognes, fougeres, geranium bases, green notes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Petitgrain, Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Petitgrain, Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)

Citrus Oils: Composition, Advanced Analytical Techniques, Contaminants, and ... By Giovanni Dugo, Luigi Mondello

PROSEA : Plant Resources of South-East Esia 19, Essential-oil Plants By L.P.A Oyen and Nguyen Xuan Dung (Editors)

Citrus: the genus citrus By Giovanni Dugo, Angelo Di Giacomo

Petitgrain bigarade (Citrus aurantium var. amara) essential oil/Paraquay

Petitgrain bigarade (Citrus aurantium var. amara) essential oil/Paraquay

Some plants yield more than one odor, which are quite distinct and characteristic. The orange tree, for instance, gives three—from the leaves one called petit grain; from the flowers we procure neroli; and from the rind of the fruit, essential oil of orange, essence of Portugal. On this account, perhaps, this tree is the most valuable of all to the operative perfumer.
The Art of Perfumery, by G. W. Septimus Piesse


Images of Petitgrain trees-fruity, flower, leaves

Petigrain essential oil from Paraquay is a pale yellow liquid displaying a potent, fresh, bitter-sweet, green leafy bouquet with a woody-floral undertone

In natural perfumeyr it is used in Oriental blends, floral bouquets, citrus accords, green notes, colognes

Research Links for Aromatic Plants-Petigrain bigarade (Ciitrus aurantium var. amara)