Images of Virginia cedarwood/Juniperus virginiana)
Olfactory Properties of Virginia cedarwood(Juniperus virginiana) essential oil/USA wild harvest
The mobile dark orange mobile liquid of Virginia cedarwood essential oil presents a rich, dry, precious-woody aroma with a delicate balsamic, sweet undertone. As the dry out deepens the aroma becomes dryer, more precious woods-like with a hint of punguent spiciness to it. There is a unique aroma that is part of the bouquet which reminds one of the aroma that springs forth when rain touches dry earth. The radiance and tenacity of the oil are very good
Blends well with angelica root and seed eo and co2; ambrette seed eo, co2 and abs; auracaria eo; bois de rose eo; benzoin resinoid and abs; birch tar eo; birch sweet eo; cade eo; calamus eo, co2 and abs; cananga eo; caraway eo and co2; cardamon eo, co2 and abs; cedrela eo; cedarwood eo's and abs; cedarleaf eo; carrot seed eo, co2 and abs; cassia bark eo and co2; cinnamon bark eo, co2 and abs; choya loban; choya ral; cistus eo and abs; citronella eo; clary sage eo and abs; copaiba balsam eo; coriander seed eo, co2 and abs; costus eo and co2; cypress eo and abs; elecampagne eo and abs; fir eo's and abs; frankincense eo, co2 and abs; ginger root eo, co2 and abs; guaiacwood eo; gurjun balsam eo; juniperberry eo, co2 and abs; labdanum eo and abs; lavindin eo and abs; lavender eo, co2 and abs; musk, black attar; oakmoss abs; opoponax eo and abs; oregano eo and co2; orris root eo, co2 and abs; pine eo's and abs; patchouli eo, co2 and abs; rosemary eo, co2 and abs; sage eo and co2; sandalwood eo, co2 and abs; spikenard eo and abs; spruce eo's and abs; tonka bean abs; valarian eo, co2 and abs; vetiver eo, co2 and abs
In natural perfumery the oil is valuable in incense creations; sacred perfumes, forest notes; amber bases, earth accords, new mown hay creations; russian leather notes; musk accords
Interesting facts about Eastern Red Cedar/Virginia cedar/Juniperus virginiana
1. Because of its rot resistance the wood is used for fence posts
2. Because the aromatic wood is avoided by moths it is in demand as lining for clothes chests and closets, often referred to as cedar closets and cedar chests.
3. If correctly prepared, it makes excellent English longbows, flatbows, and Native American sinew-backed bows.
4. Inner bark strips are pealed from the tree. Strips may be split into fine lacings and ties. Cedar strips were also used to weave storage bags and finely twined mats. Cedar strips also make a red dye. Cedar wood was splint into planks for use in lining birch bark canoes. Chippewa used cedar bows for bedding material.
5.Red cedar and other junipers are important to wildlife throughout the country. Their twigs and foliage are eaten extensively by hoofed browsers, but the chief attraction to wildlife is the bluish-black berry-like fruit. The cedar waxwing is one of the principal users of red cedar berries, but numerous other birds and mammals, both large and small, make these fruits an important part of their diet. In addition to their wildlife food value, cedars provide important protective and nesting cover. Chipping sparrows, robins, song sparrows, and mockingbirds use these trees as one of their favorite nesting sites. Juncos, myrtle warblers, sparrows of various kinds, and other birds use the dense foliage as roosting cover. In winter, their dense protective shelter is especially valuable.
6. Flutes made from red cedar wood were highly regarded by the Cheyenne.
Links for Virginia cedar/Eastern RedCedar/Juniperus virginiana
Wikipedia on Virginia cedarwood
NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art Indigenous Plants & Native Uses in the Northeast
Plants for a Future Database
Collections of the Nebraska State Historical Society By Nebraska State Historical Society
Native American ethnobotany By Daniel E. Moerman
Red cedar chests as protectors against moth damage By Ernest Adna Back
Images of Citrus aurantifolia/Lime
Olfactory Properties of Lime(Citrus aurantifolia) essential oil(cold pressed)/South Africa non-sprayed
The light green colored oil of Lime from South Africa displays a fresh, sweet, tangy, ethereal fruity-floral aroma with a punguent, peel-like undertone. In the dry out phase a fine sweet balsamic, herbaceous, spicy bouquet appears which is unusual for its complexity and tenacity for a citrus oil
Blends well with amyris wood eo; citrus oils; bois de rose eo; caraway eo and co2; clary sage eo and abs; coriander seed eo and co2; galbanum eo, co2 and abs; geranium eo and abs; hay abs; helichrysum eo and abs; lavindin eo and abs; lavender eo, co2 and abs; lemongrass eo; lemon verbena eo and abs; litsea cubeba; melissa eo and co2; neroli eo; orange blossom abs; petitgrain eo's(mandarin,lemon, bergamot, bigarade); rosemary eo, co2 and abs; sage eo and co2; tonka bean abs; vanilla abs
Outstanding as a top note and modifier in many high class floral perfumes, colognes, chypres, amber bases, culinary perfumes. Because of the effects of the lime oil can be felt in both the top note and heart note phases of compositions in which it is used
Uses for Lime
1. In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is a very common ingredient in authentic Mexican, Southwestern United States, Vietnamese, and Thai dishes. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. Additionally, the leaves of lime are used in southeast Asian cuisine. The use of dried limes (called black lime or loomi) as a flavouring is typical of Persian cuisine and Iraqi cuisine, as well as in Gulf-style baharat (a spice mixture that is also called kabsa or kebsa). Limes are also an essential element in Tamil cuisine.
2. Juice: In the West Indies, the juice has been used in the process of dyeing leather. On the island of St. Johns, a cosmetic manufacturer produces a bottled Lime Moisture Lotion as a skin-conditioner.
3. Twigs: In tropical Africa, lime twigs are popular chewsticks.
4. In Malaya, the juice is taken as a tonic and to relieve stomach ailments. Mixed with oil, it is given as a vermifuge. The pickled fruit, with other substances, is poulticed on the head to allay neuralgia. In India, the pickled fruit is eaten to relieve indigestion. The juice of the Mexican lime is regarded as an antiseptic, tonic, an antiscorbutic, an astringent, and as a diuretic in liver ailments, a digestive stimulant, a remedy for intestinal hemorrhage and hemorrhoids, heart palpitations, headache, convulsive cough, rheumatism, arthritis, falling hair, bad breath, and as a disinfectant for all kinds of ulcers when applied in a poultice.
5. In order to prevent scurvy during the 19th century, British sailors were issued a daily allowance of citrus such as lime (presumably Citrus aurantifolia), which led in time to the nickname "limey" for all Britons. It was later discovered that this beneficial effect derived from the quantities of Vitamin C the fruit contains.
Lime in Literature
There is a beautiful stream meandering through the open fields. Its waters are clear and cool. They are the melted snows of Orizava. Upon its banks grow clumps of the cocoa-palm and the majestic plantain. There are gardens upon its banks, and orchards filled with the fruit-trees of the tropics. I see the orange with its golden globes, the sweet lime, the shaddock, and the guava-tree. I ride under the shade of the aguacate (Laurus Persea), and pluck the luscious fruits of the cherimolla. The breeze blowing over fields carries on its wings the aroma of the coffee-tree, the indigo-plant, the vanilla bean, or the wholesome cacao (Theobroma Cacao); and, far as the eye can reach, I see glancing gaily in the sun the green spears and golden tassels of the sugar-cane.
The Rifle Rangers, by Captain Mayne Reid
Hark! A gentle tapping at the blue window that looks out on the garden!
What is it? Nothing; a bough of hawthorn that has come to see what we
are doing in the cool kitchen. Trees are inquisitive and often excited;
but they do not count, one has nothing to say to them, they are
irresponsible, they obey the wind, which has no principles.... But what
is that? I hear steps!... Up, ears open; nose on the alert!... It is the
baker coming up to the rails, while the postman is opening a little gate
in the hedge of lime-trees. They are friends; it is well; they bring
something: you can greet them and wag your tail discreetly twice or
thrice, with a patronizing smile....
Our Friend the Dog, by Maurice Maeterlinck
Then Greg did a fire dance with two sparklers. He dances rather
well,--not real one-steps and waltzes, but weird things he makes up
himself. This one lasted as long as the sparklers burned, and it was
quite gorgeous. After that we had a candle-light procession around
the garden, and the grown people said that the candles looked very
mysterious bobbing in and out between the trees. We felt more like
high priests than patriots, but it was very festive and wonderful,
and when we ended by having cakes and lime-juice on the porch at
half-past nine, everybody agreed that it had been a real celebration
and quite different.
Us and the Bottleman, by Edith Ballinger
“What are those yellow things in that glass jar?” Maida asked.
“Pickled limes,” Dr. Pierce responded promptly. “How I used to love
“Oh, father, buy me a pickled lime,” Maida pleaded. “I never had one
in my life and I’ve been crazy to taste one ever since I read
“All right,” Mr. Westabrook said. “Let’s come in and treat Maida to
a pickled lime.”
Maida's Little Shop, by Inez Haynes Irwin
I paused on the bank a few moments observing the current, in
order to ascertain the direction of its source, towards which, I
proceeded, travelling on the bank until noon, when I entered a
beautiful lime grove, the fruit of which, completely strewed the
ground. After I had devoured as many of these, rind and all, as
satisfied the cravings of hunger, I filled my jacket pockets,
fearing I might not again meet with such a timely supply.
Narrative of the shipwreck of the brig
Betsey, of Wiscasset, Maine, and murder of five of her crew, by pirates,, by Daniel CollinsMountains shimmered in the distance like visions seen in dreams, mountains like towering emeralds springing from a sapphire sea! We passed tiny hamlets, half-hidden in lime orchards, and cocoa-groves with yellow patches of cane gleaming here and there against a background of forest. As we drew nearer we could see white torrents dashing tempestuously down through green valleys, for Dominica has a too plenteous water-supply, since in some districts three hundred inches a year is the average rainfall. It rained seven times in the three hours that we passed on shore, but the showers were gentle ones, and we found generous shelter in the wonderful Botanical Garden, where we spent most of our time.
Ladies-In-Waiting, by Kate Douglas Wiggin
Links to Citrus aurantifolia/Lime
Wikepedia on Lime
Purdue University on Lime
Gernot Katzers Spice Pages
The Great Citrus Book: A Guide with Recipes By Allen Susser
Dictionary of Flavors By Dolf De Rovira
Herbal Delights By C. F. Leyel
The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods By Michael T. Murray
Volatile compounds in foods and beverages By H. Maarse
The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils (Aromatic Chemicals)By Niir Board
Olfactory Properties of Sugandh kokila(Cinnamomum glaucescens, syn. C.cecidodaphne) essential oil/Nepal organic
The clear mobile liquid distilled from the berries of Cinnamomum glaucescens) displays a rich, sweet, penetrating, spicy-wood-resinous bouquet with a warm, radiant herbaceous camphoraceous undertone with good tenacity. In the deep dry out phase(after 12 hours there remains a sweet, delicate, spicy herbaceous aroma on the perfumers strip.
Blends well with agarwood eo and co2; amberi attar; araucaria eo; artemisia eo's; anise seed and anise star eo and co2; basil eo's, co2 and abs; bay leaf eo ad abs; benzoin abs and resinoid; birch, sweet eo; birch tar eo; black currant abs; cade eo; cajuput eo; calamus eo and co2; camphor white eo; carob bean abs; carrot seed eo, co2 and abs; cascarilla bark eo; cedarwood eo's and abs; cinnamon bark eo; cinnamon leaf eo; cistus eo and abs; clove bud eo, co2 and abs; clove leaf eo; costus eo and co2; davana eo and co2; eucalyptus eo's; fennel eo and co2; gingergrass eo; guaiacwood eo; hop eo and co2; hyssop eo and co2; labdanum eo and abs; laurel leaf eo and abs; lawang eo; mace eo and co2; marjoram, sweet eo; myrtle eo; nagarmotha eo and co2; niaouli eo; palmarosa eo; poplar bud eo and abs; sage eo and co2; shamama attar; spikenard eo and co2; tarragon eo and abs; vetiver eo and co2;
The oil can be used in incense compositions, spicy accords, precious woods bouquets, oriental compositions, forest notes
Uses of Sugandha kokila
1. The wood is used in cabinet making
2. Used in traditional medicine as a demulcent and stimulant. A paste of the seeds is used in muscular swelling
3. The oil and wood are used in incense making
Links for Sugandh kokila
Analysis of the eo of Sugandh kokila
Plants and People of Nepal
Cinnamon and cassia: the genus Cinnamomum By P. N. Ravindran, K. Nirmal Babu, M. Shylaja