Images of Sage/Salvia officinalis
Olfactory Properties of Sage(Salvia officinalis) essential oil/Organic Hungary
Sage oil is a pale yellow to white mobile liquid displaying a fresh, sharp, green-herbaceous, slightly punguent spicy bouquet. In the dry out phase the bouquet takes on a delicate spicy, sweet herbaceous dimension which is very delightful.
Blends well with amyris eo; anise star eo and co2; aromoise eo; basil eo, co2 and abs; bay leaf eo and abs; benzoin resinoid and abs; bergamot eo; birch sweet eo; bois de rose eo; black currant abs; cajuput eo; caraway seed eo and co2; cardamon eo, co2 and abs; cascarilla eo; cassia bark eo and co2; cedarleaf oils; cedarwood oils and abs; chamomile eo's, co2's and abs;cistus eo and abs; clary sage eo and abs; clove bud eo, co2 and abs; coriander seed eo and co2; davan eo, co2 and abs; eucalyptus oils and abs; fennel seed eo and co2; fir balsam eo and abs; frankincense eo, co2 and abs; guaiacwood eo; gurjun balsam eo; hay absolute; helichrysum eo and abs; hyssop eo and co2; hops eo and co2; juniperberry eo, co2 and abs; labdanum eo and abs; lavender eo, co2 and abs; lavindin eo and abs; lavender spike eo; lavender seville abs; mace eo and co2; marjoram eo and co2; musk black attar; myrrh eo, co2 and abs; niaouli eo; nutmeg eo, co2 and abs; patchouli eo, co2 and abs; pepper black eo and co2; pepper pink eo and co2; pennyroyal eo; petitgrain oils; popular bud eo and abs; rosemary eo, co2 and abs; spruce eo and abs; stryax eo and abs; tansy, blue eo; tarragon eo and abs; thyme eo, co2 and abs; tonka bean abs; vanilla abs and co2; yarrow eo; wintergreen eo
In perfumery can be used very effectively in sacred perfumes, culinary creations, fougeres, chypres, colognes, forest notes, herbal bouquets, literary perfumes, geographical perfumes
Sage in Literature
And even yet, in the midst of a luxury and a comfort which anticipated every want and gratified every taste, he often looked longingly back upon the life he had left, until his nose inhaled again the scent of the sage-brush and his eyes smarted with alkali dust.
The Bread-winners, by John Hay
The coyote voices lifted to him
and Breed read them as the call of kind; for although he had spent the
past ten months with the wolf tribe of his father his first friendships
had been formed among his mother's people on the open range. The acrid
spice of the sage drifted to his nostrils and combined with the coyote
voices to fill him with a homesick urge to revisit the land of his
The Yellow Horde, by Hal G. Evarts
It was only a slight breeze, but it came directly against the lurking
three; and moreover the scent of the sage was particularly keen at this
time of the day, and quite sufficient to blur the scent of man even in
the keen nostrils of Black Bart. Only for a second or so he stood there
sniffing the wind, a huge animal, larger than any wolf the three had
ever seen; his face wise in a certain bear-like fashion from the three
gray marks in the center of his forehead. Now he trotted ahead, and the
stallion broke into a gallop behind.
The Seventh Man, by Max Brand
The road was almost invisible, the plain unsubstantial, though the far-off mountain ranges showed plainly cut, with a curious trick of seeming always to shift back as the observer advanced. Little winds blew in their faces, cool and sweet from the desert, charged with spice of sage.
Rimrock Trail, by J. Allan Dunn
They drove out of the sleepy little village on which had been grafted showy samples of the Company's progress. The day was beautiful with sunshine, with the mellow calls of meadow larks, with warmth and sweet odours. As the surrey took its zigzag way through the brush, as the quail paced away to right and left, as the delicate aroma of the sage rose to his nostrils, Bob began to be very glad he had come. Here and there the brush had been cleared, small shacks built, fences of wire strung, and the land ploughed over. At such places the surrey paused while Selwyn held forth to his two stolid "prospects" on how long these newcomers had been there and how well they were getting on. The country rose in a gradual slope to the slate-blue mountains. Ditches ran here and there. Everywhere were small square stakes painted white, indicating the boundaries of tracts yet unsold.
The Rules of the Game, by Stewart Edward White
A thin coating of frost crackled on his bed when he awakened; and out from under the shelter of the cedar all the ground was hoar-white. As he slipped from his blankets the same strong smell of black sage and juniper smote him, almost like a blow. His nostrils seemed glued together by some rich piny pitch; and when he opened his lips to breathe a sudden pain, as of a knife-thrust, pierced his lungs.
The Heritage of the Desert, by Zane Grey
When we moved forward once more, it was along paths of short zigzags
between cliffs, so that our procession was constantly broken into small
pieces. At length we lost sight of the Ghor and the Dead Sea; and after
some time traversing miles of red and white cistus, red everlasting, and
fragrant thyme and sage, with occasional terebinth-trees festooned with
honeysuckle, we came upon a district covered with millions, or billions,
or probably trillions, of locusts, not fully grown, and only taking short
flights; but they greatly annoyed our horses. My choice Arab, being at
that time ridden by my servant, fairly bolted away with fright for a
Byeways in Palestine, by James Finn
"It's a fairy tale, and you won't believe it—of a Blount," was the laughing reply. "I left Boston Monday, and should have reached the capital last night. But my train was laid out by a yard wreck at Twin Buttes just before dark, and I left it and took to the hills—horseback. Don't ask me why I did such a thing as that; I can only say that the smell of the sage-brush got into my blood and I simply had to do it."
The Honorable Senator Sage-Brush, by Francis Lynde
"I never will," she stated positively. "It's always been my home. I've been away and had a good time; three winters in school and enjoying every second; but there always comes a time when I'm sick to get back, when I know I can't stay away from the Three Bar, when I want to smell the sage and throw my leg across a horse—and ride!"
"I know, Billie," he said softly. "I was raised here, up until I was eight. My feeling is likely less acute than yours but I've always hankered to get back to where the sage and pine trees run together. I mentioned a while back that I was tied up peculiar and stood to lose considerable if I failed to put in two years out here—which wouldn't have been of any particular consequence only that I found out that the Three Bar was going under unless some one put a stop to what's going on. I'll pull it out of the hole, maybe, and hand it back to you."
The Settling of the Sage, by Hal G. Evarts
The sunshine wrapped itself in its old fine gilded gossamer
haze and drowsed upon the verdant slopes; the green jewelled "Juny-bugs"
whirred in the soft air; the mould was as richly brown as in Joel
Quimbey's own enclosure; the flag-lilies bloomed beside the onion bed;
and the woolly green leaves of the sage wore their old delicate tint and
gave out a familiar odor.
His "Day In Court", by
Charles Egbert Craddock (AKA Mary Noailles Murfree)
Links to Sage/Saliva officinalis
Wikipedia article on Sage
Whats Cooking America
Origins of Sage
Plants for a Future
Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Salvia officinalis L. Oil from Two Culture Sites in Tunisia
Encyclopedia of food and color additives, Volume 3 By George A. Burdoc
Olfactory properties of Guaiacwoood(Bulnesia sarmienti) essential oil/Paraquay wild harvest
The essential oil of Guaiacwood is a solid golden-brown waxy mass at room temperature. It requires gentle heating to become a flowable liquid and when mixed with other essential oils will remain in a liquid state. It is quite common for guaiacwood to be mixed with gurjun balsam essential oil in a 50/50 proportion so it will remain in a liquid form. This interesting material presents a delicate sweet, woody, creamy- balsamic slightly roseaceous/smoky odor which has a uniform odor profile from beginning to end.
It blends well with a wide variety of materials due to its mild, sweet, creamy aroma provides excellent fixative properties at very low cost. It can be used in rather large percentage without adversely effecting the bouquet of the compositions in which it is included. Blends well with agarwood eo and co2; ambrette seed eo, co2 and abs; amyris eo; angelica root eo, co2 and abs; angelica seed eo, co2 and abs; anise, star eo and co2; anise seed eo; fennel seed eo and co2; aromoise eo; atractlylis root eo and co2; bay leaf eo and abs; beeswax abs; cabreuva eo; cananga eo; caraway seed eo and co2; cassie abs; carrot seed eo, co2 and abs; cascarilla bark eo; cassia eo; chamomile eo's and abs; champaca abs and attar; cinnamon bark eo, co2 and abs; cinnamon leaf eo; cistus eo and abs; clary sage eo and abs; clove bud eo, co2 and abs; copaiba balsam eo; costus root eo, co2 and abs; cypress eo and abs; davana eo, co2 and abs; elemi eo and abs; fir balsam eo and abs; frankincense eo, co2 and abs; galangal root eo; galbanum eo, co2 and abs; ginger root eo, co2 and abs; gurjun balsam eo; hay abs; juniper berry eo, co2 and abs; labdanum eo and abs; mace eo and co2; mimosa abs; myrrh eo, co2 and abs; oakmoss abs; opoponax eo and abs; orris root eo, co2 and abs; palmarosa eo; patchouli eo, co2 and abs; pimento berry eo, co2 and abs; rose abs and eo; sandalwood eo, co2 and abs; spikenard eo and co2; spruce eo and abs; tansy flower eo; tonka bean abs; valerian root eo, co2 and abs; vanilla abs and co2; vetiver eo, co2 and abs
In natural perfumery this fine oil can be used in spicy bouquets; amber bases; musk accords; new mown hay accords; incense perfumes, oriental accords; rose bases. It is an excellent fixative, modifier and blender and can be used in everything from inexpensive soap perfumes to high class floral perfumes
Links for Guaiacwood
Natural sources of flavourings, Issue 3 By Council of Europe
Common fragrance and flavor materials: preparation, properties and uses By Horst Surburg
Fenaroli's handbook of flavor ingredients: George A. Burdock By George A. Burdock
The new perfume handbook By Nigel Groom
Leungs Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients: By Ikhlas A. Khan, Ehab A. Abourashed
Olfactory Properties of Orris Root(Iris pallida) CO2 Select Extract/Albania
Even though the Orris root co2 is considered a select extract, it is a waxy solid beige mass at room temperature that with gentle heat becomes a flowable transparent liquid at which point it can be blended with carrier oils etc and will remain in its liquid state.
The co2 extract displays a delicate, warm, sweet-violet floral, precious woods-rooty, powdery odor with a lovely fruity undertone with good tenacity and radiant power.
Blends well with aglaia odorata abs; ambrette seed abs, co2 and eo; amyris wood eo; angelica root eo, co2 and abs; cedarwood oils; citrus oils; beeswax abs; benzoin abs; bois de rose/rosewood eo; boronia abs; carrot seed eo, co2 and abs; cassie abs; clary sage eo and abs; cocoa co2 and abs; currant black abs and co2; coconut abs; davana eo, co2 and abs; fir balsam abs; geranium eo, co2 and abs; guiacwood eo; juniberry eo, co2 and abs; mango leaf abs; nagarmotha eo and co2; mimosa abs; musk black attar; neroli eo; oakmoss abs; osmanthus abs; pepper black eo, co2 and abs; patchouli eo, co2 and abs; peru balsam eo and abs; rose otto and abs; sandalwood eo, co2 and abs; tonka bean abs; vanilla co2 and abs; vetiver eo, co2 and abs; violet leaf abs; ylang eo, co2 and abs
In natural perfumery is used in amber bases chypre, fougere; forest bases, oriental accords, colognes, in natural re-creations of freesia, orchid, cyclamen, violet, lilac perfumes
Orris in Literature
Although I had spent several springs in the
neighbourhood of Florence, this was my first
upon that side of the country, and I was there-
fore unaware that it was the district where
most of the irises for the famous Florentine
orris root was grown. Had I known this, I
should have been prepared and expectant ; as
it was I stood breathless, silent, before so won-
derful a sight.
The irises were all in flower. Up the long
slopes and in the rounded hollows of the hills
they stood in millions, close-growing ; a carpet
of pale purple ; an amethystine sea from which
the olive-trees raised their silver foliage and
twisted, moss-grown trunks. Erect upon its
tall stalk each flower stood majestic, springing
proudly from its sword-like leaves.
They broke in purple waves against the very
walls of the little white farmhouses, and, as
the breeze passed over them, it stirred their
surface as the wind might ruffle the surface of
a lake. They crept into the copses among the
young oak-trees. The clusters of stone pines
on their straight, slender stems, the groups of
cypresses like sombre plumes, the thickets of
bay and myrtle breaking the even flow of them,
were but as rocks against which the water
lapped. Even the patches of corn, usually
supreme in a landscape, seemed as a mere em-
broidery upon this royal robe of purple, or
as "the Islands of the Blessed" set in an
It was a fit hour for such a vision, for all
this loveliness lay outstretched beneath a pale
blue sky, in the clear quiet air of early morn-
ing. This mystical world of lilac and pale
silver, beautiful at any time, possessed a more
indescribable charm, a more ethereal and ap-
pealing loveliness, in the austere light of the
Tuscan feasts and Tuscan friends
Dorothy Nevile Lees
"Just think," the canon would say to Birotteau, "that for twelve
consecutive years nothing has ever been amiss,--linen in perfect
order, bands, albs, surplices; I find everything in its place, always
in sufficient quantity, and smelling of orris-root.
The Vicar of Tours, by Honore de Balzac
There was a violent ring at the bell, a jarring of wheels on the
asphalt. The door flew open and the prettiest little woman imaginable,
all fluffy ends and scarlet flowers and orris scent, rushed toward him.
In The Valley Of The Shadow, by Josephine Daskam
As each article received its last touch, and came from the laundry white
and immaculate, it was folded to perfection, tied with a narrow blue or
pale rose-colored ribbon, and laid aside in a sacred receptacle known as
"The Wedding Bureau." The handkerchiefs, grouped in dozens, were strewn
with dried violets and rose-leaves to make them sweet. Lavender-bags and
sachets of orris lay among the linen; and perfumes as of Araby were
discernible whenever a drawer in the bureau was pulled out.
Clover, by Susan Coolidge, Illustrated by
Miss Susan Ingram, an old friend of Poe, and one of the party at Old
Point, tells of a visit he made at her home in Norfolk following the
day at Point Comfort. Noting the odor of orris root, he said that he
liked it because it recalled to him his boyhood, when his adopted
mother kept orris root in her bureau drawers, and whenever they were
opened the fragrance would fill the room.
Literary Hearthstones of Dixie
by La Salle Corbell Pickett
Or perhaps it is an old bow-legged high-boy—its club-feet slippered on easy rollers—the kind with deep drawers kept awake by rattling brass handles, its outside veneer so highly polished that you are quite sure it must have been brought up in some distinguished family. The scent of old lavender and spiced rose leaves, and a stick or two of white orris root, haunt this relic: my lady's laces must be kept fresh, and so must my lady's long white mitts—they reach from her dainty knuckles quite to her elbow. And so must her cobwebbed silk stockings and the filmy kerchief she folds across her bosom:
The Little Gray Lady, by F. Hopkinson Smith
And it was impossible to avoid noticing that the opening of the carved
oaken presses, smelling sweet and benignly of orris root and lavender,
acted on John almost as a physical pleasure, and also that his hands
seemed nervous with delight as he unfolded the jewelled embroideries,
and smoothed out the fine linen of the under vestments; and his voice,
too, seemed to gain a sharp tenderness and emotive force, as he told how
these were the gold vestments worn by the bishop, and only on certain
great feast-days, and that these were the white vestments worn on days
especially commemorative of the Virgin. The consideration of the
censers, candlesticks, chalices, and albs took some time, and John was a
little aggressive in his explanation of Catholic ceremonial, and its
grace and comeliness compared with the stiffness and materialism of the
A Mere Accident, by George Moore
"Why no--not at all," said my Mother. "Why--Why I think it's rather
interesting! Why--Why--Though I must admit," she laughed out suddenly,
"that I never quite thought of things in just that way before!" She
looked out the window. She looked in the fire-place. She looked at my
Father. She looked at Carol. She looked at me. She began to clap her
hands. "I've got it!" she said. "I know what I'd choose! A White Iris!
In all the world there's no perfume that can compare with the perfume of
a White Iris!--Orris root they call it. Orris--"
"Humph! What's the matter with Tulips?" said my Father.
"Oh but Tulips don't have any smell at all," said my Mother. "Except
just the nice earthy smell of Spring winds and Spring rains and Spring
sunbeams!--Oh of course they _look_ as though they were going to smell
tremendously sweet!" she acknowledged very politely. "But they're just
so busy being _gay_ I suppose that--"
Fairy Prince and Other Stories, by
Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
Orris/Iris pallida/Iris florentina/Iris germanica Links
Cultivation of Orris with images
Orris cultivation in Italy
King's American dispensatory, Volume 2 By John King
Current topics in flavours and fragrances: towards a new millennium of discovery By Karl A. D. Swift
The new perfume handbook By Nigel Groom
A modern herbal: By Maud Grieve
Odorographia: Volume 1 By John Charles Sawer
Images of Vanilla orchid
Images of Vanilla Beans
Olfactory Properties of Vanilla CO2 Total Extract/Madagascar(12% natural vanillin content)
First of all it is important to distinguish between total and select co2 extracts. A total co2 extract is one in which all the extractable phytochemicals in the plant that can be extracted by co2 are extracted. It means that not only the volatile aromatic constituents of vanilla extracted of which there are over 200, but the resins, fixed oil, etc are also extracted. The total extract therefore tends to be a opaque waxy-oily mass that in cool conditions is non-pourable which is brown to light beige in color. Over time vanillin crystals appear on the surface of the cooled extract.
The vanilla co2 total extract displays a fine rich, complex, sweet balsamic, precious woods, soft-spicy bouquet. As the dry out note develops the rich deep balsamic slightly animalic body note blooms. Vanillin the main aromatic component of vanilla is easily synthesized but is very one dimensional in olfactory impact as compared to the complexity of a true co2 extract. Even a high quality genuine absolute which is rich and redolent in the vanilla heart notes and stronger in its olfactory impact cannot match the co2 for complexity.
Blends well with allspice eo, co2 and abs; ambrette seed eo, co2 and abs; amyris eo;
anise, star eo and co2; anise eo and co2; arnica abs; aruacaria eo; bakul attar; beeswax abs; benzoin abs; broom abs; carrot seed eo, co2 and abs; cassia bark eo, co2 and abs; chamomile eo's, abs and co2's; cinnamon bark eo, co2 and abs; clove bud eo, co2 and abs; cocoa co2, oleoresin and abs; fir needle abs; frangipani abs; gardenia absolute; guiacwood eo; hay abs; helichrysum abs and eo; magnolia lily co2; black musk attar; orris root eo, co2 and abs; peru balsam eo and abs; rose otto's and abs; sandalwood eo, co2 and abs; tonka bean abs; tuberose abs; white ginger lily abs; ylang eo and abs
In perfumery excels in oriental bouquets; tropical blends, incense creations, amber bases, culinary perfumes, new mown hay accords
Interesting facts about vanilla
1.The vanilla bean is the fruit of a tropical American species of orchid. It is the one of the few orchids which produce anything edible and there are more than 20,000 orchid varieties.
2. Vanilla workers, usually women and children who are quick with their hands, pollinate from 1,000 to 2,000 vanilla orchid flowers per day.
3. The first use of vanilla dates back to Mexico, where the Aztecs used it to create a drink called Xoco-lall, made from cocoa and vanilla beans.
4. Thomas Jefferson is credited with introducing vanilla to the United States in the late 1700s. history of vanillaWhile serving as Ambassador to King Louis XVI of France, he became familiar with vanilla beans, and brought 200 vanilla beans back with him when he returned to the United States.
5. The United States consumption of vanilla beans is approximately 1,200 tons per year!
6. For 300 years Mexico maintained its monopoly of vanillabean production despite constant efforts of theEuropeans to induce vanilla vines to bear beans elsewhere in the world. It wasn’t until 1836 when Charles Morren, a French botanist, finally discovered the secret of growing vanilla. His careful examination of the anatomy of the bean led to his discovery of the difficulty of pollination. He then performed the pollination by hand. Thus beans were produced outside of Mexico. Knowledge of theartificial pollination spread to European nations who had colonized tropical regions with climates suitable for growing orchids. These areas began planting vanilla especially the French on the Island of Bourbon (Reunion) and the Dutch in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia).
7. Vanilla is a very labour-intensive agricultural crop where the yearly production of a healthy plant is 1.5 to 2Kg of Green Vanilla. It takes five to six kilos of Green Vanilla pods to produce 1Kg of cured vanilla.
8. It will take up to three years after the vines are planted before the first flowers appear. The pods resemble big green beans and must remain on the vine for nine months in order to completely develop their signature aroma. However, when the beans or pods are harvested, they have neither flavour nor fragrance. They develop these distinctive properties during the curing process.
Vanilla in Literature
"What about a vanilla ice at the Pâtisserie Delarue, old bean?" said he
And, unnoticed by the happy couple, they stole silently away.
Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 156, June 25, 1919
There is a beautiful stream meandering through the open fields. Its waters are clear and cool. They are the melted snows of Orizava. Upon its banks grow clumps of the cocoa-palm and the majestic plantain. There are gardens upon its banks, and orchards filled with the fruit-trees of the tropics. I see the orange with its golden globes, the sweet lime, the shaddock, and the guava-tree. I ride under the shade of the aguacate (Laurus Persea), and pluck the luscious fruits of the cherimolla. The breeze blowing over fields carries on its wings the aroma of the coffee-tree, the indigo-plant, the vanilla bean, or the wholesome cacao (Theobroma Cacao); and, far as the eye can reach, I see glancing gaily in the sun the green spears and golden tassels of the sugar-cane.
The Rifle Rangers, by Captain Mayne Reid
Around him grew castanha trees with nuts in shells like cannon-balls that hung high over his head; palms with 206leaves so enormous that one could shelter an entire encampment; and birds of species he had never seen before fluttered among the branches. The air was saturated with the heavy though not unpleasant odor of vanilla beans. It was indeed a strange land but Oomah was too ill to take much heed of his surroundings.
The Black Phantom, by Leo Edward Miller
Uncounted, delicious odors filled the air, distilled from the wild flowers, the vanilla, orchids, and the forests of oranges, which, though not of Tahiti, were already venerable in their many decades of residence.
Mystic Isles of the South Seas, by Frederick O’Brien
Links for Vanilla planifolia
Wikipedia article on Vanilla
Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages
History of Vanilla
Animals and plants of the ancient Maya: a guide By Victoria Schlesinger
Vanilla: Travels in Search of the Ice Cream Orchid By Tim Ecott
Vanilla: The Green Gold By A. Anandan
Simply Vanilla: Recipes for Everyday Use By Patty Elsberry, Matt Bolus
Vanilla the edible orchid
Vanilla in Perfumery
The art of perfumery and the methods of obtaining the odours of plants By George William Septimus Piesse